Combination of differential growth at two different temperatures with a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to determine temperature-sensitive phenotype of Mycoplasma synoviae

Muhammad A. Shahid, Seyed A. Ghorashi, Rebecca Agnew-Crumpton, Philip F. Markham, Marc S. Marenda, Amir H. Noormohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mycoplasma synoviae infections result in significant economic losses in the chicken and turkey industries. A commercially available live temperature-sensitive (ts+) vaccine strain MS-H has been found to be effective in controlling M. synoviae infections in commercial layer and broiler breeder farms in various countries, including Australia. Detection and differentiation of MS-H from field strains (ts-) and from ts- MS-H reisolates in vaccinated flocks is vital in routine flock status monitoring. At present microtitration is the only available technique to determine the ts phenotype of M. synoviae. This technique is time consuming and not amenable to automation. In the present study, a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) was combined with simultaneous culturing of M. synoviae at two different temperatures (33°C and 39.5°C) to determine the ts phenotype of 22 Australian M. synoviae strains/isolates. The M. synoviae type strain WVU-1853 was also included for comparison. A ratio of the copy numbers of the variable lipoprotein haemagglutinin (vlhA) gene at the two temperatures was calculated and a cut-off value was determined and used to delineate the ts phenotype. In all M. synoviae strains/isolates tested in this study, the ts phenotype determined using Q-PCR was in agreement with that determined using conventional microtitration. Combination of Q-PCR with differential growth at two different temperatures is a rapid, reliable and accurate technique that could be used as an effective tool in laboratories actively involved in ts phenotyping of M. synoviae strains/isolates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-191
Number of pages7
JournalAvian Pathology
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2013

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Combination of differential growth at two different temperatures with a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to determine temperature-sensitive phenotype of Mycoplasma synoviae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this