Community forestry and community development in Nepal

Binod Devkota, Richard Thwaites, Digby Race

    Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    This chapter discusses the value of Community Forest User Groups (CFUGs) as key local institutions for community development in rural Nepal. The implementation of community forestry (CF) is a valuable development process for building the economic opportunities as well as the natural, social and human capital within a community and creating positive change. In general terms, CF provides livelihood opportunities for members of CFUGs by enhancing their personal capacity, supporting income generation and providing funds to support a range of community-oriented activities. Our analysis of three case studies indicates that CF can lead to community development via increasing knowledge and skills, increasing participation in decision-making processes and strengthening social networks. While CFUGs are useful institutions for managing community development and forest governance, achieving equity in committee membership, decision-making and capacity building remain challenging. More equitable distribution of CFUG funds and selection of high-priority projects may not occur until poorer members of village communities are more actively engaged in decision-making processes and development opportunities of CFUGs. Thus, careful consideration of the composition and dynamics of CFUGs are needed if CF is to make a stronger contribution to community development in rural Nepal.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCommunity forestry in Nepal
    Subtitle of host publicationAdapting to a changing World
    EditorsRichard Thwaites, Robert Fisher, Mohan Poudel
    Place of PublicationOxon, UK
    PublisherTaylor & Francis
    Number of pages26
    ISBN (Electronic)9781315445168
    ISBN (Print)9781138214620
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


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