Comparison of 4G and 5G cellular network architecture and proposing of 6G, a new era of AI

Bibi Mariat Shah, Mohsin Murtaza, Mansoor Raza

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paperpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this 21 st Century, the deployment of wireless technology has created a spur amongst technologists about the future progression of wireless communication. It has not only transformed the way of communication but also paved a way for many multi-functional devices and technology. The essence of modern culture is the digital economy, which is also the base for a wireless system of connections. There was a time when wireless networks evolved, from 0G towards 4G along with their architectures and new features. The correlation is contrasting between 4G and 5G with their architectures, coverage, speed quality of service, bandwidth, and latency rates. But later the 5G system architecture conceptualized a full-bodied network, which introduced an architecture that worked intensively while the petulant analysis and consultations are stimulated to bring an advanced evolvement in the wireless community, hence 5G was slowly and gradually deployed all over the world. Meanwhile, the idea of 6G is being looked into and the researchers and engineers are working on its architecture and development, which will make it significantly different from the preceding generations some of which have made a mark and some that have not. This paper presents a complete understanding of variations between 4G and 5G wireless network architectures, the comparisons, and the evolvement through all these years. The analytical and factual results help in advancing an evolved 6G architecture and the change, enhancement, and transformation it will bring in the future of Wireless Cellular Networks.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 5th International Conference on Innovative Technologies in Intelligent Systems and Industrial Applications (CITISIA)
Place of PublicationSydney, Australia
PublisherIEEE Xplore
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781728194370
ISBN (Print)9781728194387 (Print on demand)
Publication statusPublished - 09 Mar 2021
EventCITISIA 2020 Conference: Conference on Innovative Technologies in Intelligent System & Industrial Applications - Charles Sturt University Study Centre, Sydney Campus, Sydney, Australia
Duration: 25 Nov 202027 Nov 2020 (Conference website) (Conference program) (Full paper proceedings)


ConferenceCITISIA 2020 Conference
OtherThe “Conference on Innovative Technologies in Intelligent Systems & Industrial Applications” (CITISIA) is a student conference that aims to provide students of higher learning institutions with a platform for presenting their own projects. It is also a measure of recognition of students’ professional and technical achievements – by industries and international organizations such as IEEE. This conference is designed to facilitate exchanges of ideas through communication, networking and learning from others, for students and IEEE Chapters in terms of greater collaboration.
The conference provides a unique platform for students and researchers to share their experience and views through their latest research and to promote research and development activities among students and researchers. CITISIA 2020 provides an international forum for those actively involved in research to report on latest innovations and developments, to summarize state-of-the-art works, and to share ideas and advances from all aspects of engineering, where advances play an increasing role in providing enriching experiences and improving the quality of lives.
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