Competitive effects of sorghum cultivars and densities on weed suppression

Hanwen Wu, Steve Walker, Vikki Osten, Geoff Robinson

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Abstract

Field studies were conducted in southern Queensland to determine the impact of sorghum cultivars and crop densities on weed suppression and sorghum yield loss due to weeds. Japanese millet (Echinochloa esculenta (A. Braun) H. Scholtz) was used to mimic barnyard grass (Echinochloa spp.). Results showed that differences in competitive ability of the cultivars were consistent over the two years, with MR Goldrush and Bonus MR being the most competitive cultivars, and 86G87 the least competitive. Sorghum density also had a significant effect on the crop's ability to compete with millet, with the strongest millet suppression at the highest density of 7.5 plants m-2. Millet caused significant yield loss, up to 34% in comparison with weed-free plots. These results indicate that sorghum competition against Japanese millet can be improved by choosing competitive cultivars and the use of higher crop densities. Improved sorghum competition provides a non-chemical option for integrated weed management.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication16th conference proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationHot topics in the tropics
Place of PublicationBrisbane
PublisherQueensland Weeds Society
Pages483-486
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9780646488196
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Event16th Australasian Weeds Conference - Cairns, Australia, Australia
Duration: 18 May 200822 May 2008

Conference

Conference16th Australasian Weeds Conference
CountryAustralia
Period18/05/0822/05/08

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  • Cite this

    Wu, H., Walker, S., Osten, V., & Robinson, G. (2008). Competitive effects of sorghum cultivars and densities on weed suppression. In 16th conference proceedings: Hot topics in the tropics (pp. 483-486). Queensland Weeds Society.