Congenital nutritional myodegeneration in a Cypriot mouflon (Ovis orientalis ophion) lamb

Panayiotis Loukopoulos, Ioannis Ioannou, Nikolaos Kassinis, Soteria Georgiadou, H. Papastephanou, Eleni Kaldrymidou, Nektarios D. Giadinis

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A five days old Cypriot mouflon (Ovis orientalis ophion) lamb was found dead without premonitory signs in the Platania mouflon enclosure. Necropsy revealed generalized pale discoloration of skeletal muscles and to a lesser extent of the myocardium. Extensive and severe muscular degeneration and necrosis were evidenced by histology. Liver selenium and vitamin E contents were 0.23 mg/kg and 21 mg/kg, respectively. Based on the post mortem findings, the diagnosis of white muscle disease was established and was presumptively attributed to vitamin E deficiency by comparison with usual values obtained in other zoo ruminants. It is the first reported case of white muscle disease in any mouflon species, and particularly in the wild Cypriot mouflon that is endangered and under strict surveillance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-404
Number of pages3
JournalRevue de Medecine Veterinaire
Issue number8-9
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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