Contextual Factors Contributing to Episodes of Sexual Harassment: An Investigation of Cause Using Structural Equation Modelling and Personal Interviews

Julie Cogin, Alan Fish

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Abstract

Despite the growing prevalence of sexual harassment (SH) across continents, industries and occupations the majority of research has focused on the frequency of SH and the associated outcomes (Glomb et a., 1999). While this situation provides strong justifciation for strategies such as policy development, grievance handling procedures and awareness training to be implemented within organisationsm it does nor help business leaders adopt a strategic orientation to eradicating this growing problem (Brockbank, 1999). A shift away from a reactive operational perspective once a SH claim is made towards intiatives geared at prevention is required. Operationalising this argument requires an understanding of what heightens a person's vulnerability to being sexually harassed. Despite the progress that has bene made on understanding this phenomenon, little appears to be known about which external factors contribute to aperson being susceptible to SH.This paper reports the results of a study that adopted a mixed research methodology to examine the envornmental factors which contribute to incidents of SH. Data for this study was collected via questionnaire from 538 qualified and student nurses working in a sample of hospitals followed up by 23 in-depth interviews. Findings reveal that the leadership style adopted by a manager can increase the probability of an emplyee being sexually harassed. In addition, an unbalanced job gender ration and no prior socialisation were shown to eb positvely associated with SH.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDoing Well By Doing Good
EditorsGeorge Solomon
Place of PublicationUSA
PublisherAcademy of Management
Pages1-32
Number of pages32
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventAcademy of Management Annual Meeting - Philadelphia, USA, New Zealand
Duration: 03 Aug 200708 Aug 2007

Conference

ConferenceAcademy of Management Annual Meeting
CountryNew Zealand
Period03/08/0708/08/07

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Cogin, J., & Fish, A. (2007). Contextual Factors Contributing to Episodes of Sexual Harassment: An Investigation of Cause Using Structural Equation Modelling and Personal Interviews. In G. Solomon (Ed.), Doing Well By Doing Good (pp. 1-32). Academy of Management.