The so-called dual-use dilemma which arises when scientific research, materials or technologies can be used to both benefit and harm humanity is not an altogether new phenomenon. Early in the twentieth century, nuclear science here, the study of the properties of atomic nuclei raised similar concerns about materials, technologies and knowledge that had the potential to be used to benefit humanity, but also posed serious risks of misuse. Comparing the experiences of the nuclear sciences with those of biology in regulating dual-use materials, knowledge and technology will be the focus of this chapter.
|Title of host publication||On the dual uses of science and ethics|
|Subtitle of host publication||Principles, practices, and prospects|
|Place of Publication||Canberra|
|Publisher||ANU E Press|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Name||Practical ethics and public policy|
Evans, N. (2013). Contrasting dual-use issues in biology and nuclear science. In On the dual uses of science and ethics : Principles, practices, and prospects (pp. 255-273). (Practical ethics and public policy). ANU E Press.