Cosmopolitan Friendship Online

Adam Briggle, Edward Spence

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter


This paper develops a normative ideal of cosmopolitan friendship online. We first provide theoretical and historical background. Next, we articulate and defend cosmopolitanism as an important aspect of moral identity in a networked world. We then argue that developing a cosmopolitan character requires friendships that cross barriers, thereby forcing reconsideration of prejudices. The Internet provides ample opportunity to cultivate such friendships, but their development will most often require more than mere opportunity. Structured and self-conscious uses of the Internet, however, can foster cosmopolitan friendship. We conclude by placing the ideal of cosmopolitan friendship online in the context of stoicism.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFriends and Foes Volume II
Subtitle of host publicationFriendship and Conflict from Social and Political Perspectives
EditorsMáiréad Collins Máiréad Collins
Place of PublicationCambridge
PublisherCambridge Scholars Publishing
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781443803335
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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