Extensive rural poverty means that agricultural and rural development in southern Lao PDR is a national priority. Challenges within these sectors are complex and require a systems research to complement commodity and resource investigations in order to understand constraints fully and develop scalable and commercializable solutions to improve rural livelihoods and the local economy. The project has undertaken on-farm research at 86 trial sites over five seasons. Topics include post-rice cropping (maize, peanut), dry direct seeding and livestock management (crop residue use as a feed source, forages, duck and fish production), with an integrated focus in implementing these trials. The project had a focus objective of enhancing multilateral systems thinking, using on-farm trials and familiar examples to apply different tools.