Cryptosporidium meleagridis in an Indian ring-necked parrot (Psittacula krameri)

U. M. Morgan, L. Xiao, J. Limor, S. Gelis, S. R. Raidal, R. Fayer, A. Lal, A. Elliot, R. C.A. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To perform a morphological and genetic characterisation of a Cryptosporidium infection in an Indian ring-necked parrot (Psittacula krameri) and to compare this with C meleagridis from a turkey. Design Tissue and intestinal sections from an Indian ring-necked parrot were examined microscopically for Cryptosporidium. The organism was also purified from the crop and intestine, the DNA extracted and a portion of the 18S rDNA gene amplified, sequenced and compared with sequence and biological information obtained for C meleagridis from a turkey as well as sequence information for other species of Cryptosporidium. Results Morphological examination of tissue sections from an Indian ring-necked parrot revealed large numbers of Cryptosporidium oocysts attached to the apical border of enterocytes lining the intestinal tract. Purified Cryptosporidium oocysts measured about 5.1 × 4.5 μm, which conformed morphologically to C meleagridis. The sequence obtained from this isolate was identical to sequence information obtained from a C meleagridis isolate from a turkey. Conclusion Cryptosporidium meleagridis was detected in an Indian ring-necked parrot using morphological and molecular methods. This is the first time that this species of Cryptosporidium has been reported in a non-galliform host and extends the known host range of C meleagridis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-183
Number of pages2
JournalAustralian Veterinary Journal
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2000

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