Cultural and Cross-cultural Factors in Judgments of Credibility

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

48 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The study aimed to investigate (i) whether there were, in general, differences in discriminability or response bias depending on culture or language, and (ii) whether any individual factors such as prejudice predict the extent of cross-cultural or second language use bias displayed by participants. With respect to the first aim, this study found that participants were generally poor not only at classifying lies and truths from individuals of their own culture, but also in a cross-cultural context. Although the results indicated that the language spoken by the stimulus subject had no impact on observers ability to discriminate between truthful and untruthful messages, it was found that observers were generally more suspicious of Colombian clips and, in particular, of those that depicted Colombians speaking in a second language. With respect to the second aim, the study found that individual differences in prejudice, stereotypes and ethnocentrism did not appear to predict the bias associated with cultural and language differences. Overall findings provide evidence of the potential of cross-cultural and second language use bias. These results are discussed in light of the practical and theoretical implications for cross-cultural lie detection.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Charles Sturt University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Mallard, David, Principal Supervisor
  • Tyson, Graham, Co-Supervisor
Award date01 Mar 2011
Place of PublicationAustralia
Publisher
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

cultural factors
credibility
language
trend
Stereotype, Prejudice
ethnocentrism
spoken language
prejudice
speaking
stimulus
ability
evidence

Cite this

@phdthesis{c970a1614bd44418a9cea39db87b3680,
title = "Cultural and Cross-cultural Factors in Judgments of Credibility",
abstract = "The study aimed to investigate (i) whether there were, in general, differences in discriminability or response bias depending on culture or language, and (ii) whether any individual factors such as prejudice predict the extent of cross-cultural or second language use bias displayed by participants. With respect to the first aim, this study found that participants were generally poor not only at classifying lies and truths from individuals of their own culture, but also in a cross-cultural context. Although the results indicated that the language spoken by the stimulus subject had no impact on observers ability to discriminate between truthful and untruthful messages, it was found that observers were generally more suspicious of Colombian clips and, in particular, of those that depicted Colombians speaking in a second language. With respect to the second aim, the study found that individual differences in prejudice, stereotypes and ethnocentrism did not appear to predict the bias associated with cultural and language differences. Overall findings provide evidence of the potential of cross-cultural and second language use bias. These results are discussed in light of the practical and theoretical implications for cross-cultural lie detection.",
author = "Castillo, {Paola Andrea}",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
publisher = "Charles Sturt University",
address = "Australia",
school = "Charles Sturt University",

}

Castillo, PA 2011, 'Cultural and Cross-cultural Factors in Judgments of Credibility', Doctor of Philosophy, Charles Sturt University, Australia.

Cultural and Cross-cultural Factors in Judgments of Credibility. / Castillo, Paola Andrea.

Australia : Charles Sturt University, 2011. 212 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

TY - THES

T1 - Cultural and Cross-cultural Factors in Judgments of Credibility

AU - Castillo, Paola Andrea

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The study aimed to investigate (i) whether there were, in general, differences in discriminability or response bias depending on culture or language, and (ii) whether any individual factors such as prejudice predict the extent of cross-cultural or second language use bias displayed by participants. With respect to the first aim, this study found that participants were generally poor not only at classifying lies and truths from individuals of their own culture, but also in a cross-cultural context. Although the results indicated that the language spoken by the stimulus subject had no impact on observers ability to discriminate between truthful and untruthful messages, it was found that observers were generally more suspicious of Colombian clips and, in particular, of those that depicted Colombians speaking in a second language. With respect to the second aim, the study found that individual differences in prejudice, stereotypes and ethnocentrism did not appear to predict the bias associated with cultural and language differences. Overall findings provide evidence of the potential of cross-cultural and second language use bias. These results are discussed in light of the practical and theoretical implications for cross-cultural lie detection.

AB - The study aimed to investigate (i) whether there were, in general, differences in discriminability or response bias depending on culture or language, and (ii) whether any individual factors such as prejudice predict the extent of cross-cultural or second language use bias displayed by participants. With respect to the first aim, this study found that participants were generally poor not only at classifying lies and truths from individuals of their own culture, but also in a cross-cultural context. Although the results indicated that the language spoken by the stimulus subject had no impact on observers ability to discriminate between truthful and untruthful messages, it was found that observers were generally more suspicious of Colombian clips and, in particular, of those that depicted Colombians speaking in a second language. With respect to the second aim, the study found that individual differences in prejudice, stereotypes and ethnocentrism did not appear to predict the bias associated with cultural and language differences. Overall findings provide evidence of the potential of cross-cultural and second language use bias. These results are discussed in light of the practical and theoretical implications for cross-cultural lie detection.

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

PB - Charles Sturt University

CY - Australia

ER -

Castillo PA. Cultural and Cross-cultural Factors in Judgments of Credibility. Australia: Charles Sturt University, 2011. 212 p.