Cultural differences in athlete attributions for success and failure

The sports pages revisited

Lynley Aldridge, Mir Islam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    205 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Self-serving biases in attribution, while found with relative consistency in research with Western samples, have rarely been found in Japanese samples typically recruited for research. However, research conducted with Japanese participants to date has tended to use forced choice and/or reactive paradigms, with school or university students, focusing mainly on academic performance or arbitrary and/or researcher-selected tasks. This archival study explored whether self-serving attributional biases would be shown in the real-life attributions for sporting performance made by elite Olympic athletes from Japan and Australia. Attributions (N = 216) were extracted from the sports pages of Japanese and Australian newspapers and rated by Australian judges for locus and controllability. It was hypothesised that Australian, but not Japanese, athletes would show self-serving biases such that they attributed wins to causes more internal and controllable than the causes to which they attributed losses. Contrary to predictions, self-serving biases were shown to at least some extent by athletes of both nationalities. Both Australian and Japanese men attributed wins to causes more internal than those to which they attributed losses. Women, however, attributed wins and losses to causes that did not differ significantly in terms of locus. All athletes tended to attribute wins to causes that were more controllable than the causes to which losses were attributed. Results are inconsistent with a large body of research suggesting that Japanese do not show self-serving biases in attribution, and are discussed in the light of differences in methodology, context and participants that may have contributed to these effects.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)67-75
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
    Volume47
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

    Fingerprint

    Athletes
    Sports
    Research
    Newspapers
    Ethnic Groups
    Japan
    Research Personnel
    Students
    Causes
    Attribution
    Cultural Differences
    Locus

    Cite this

    @article{5184688e6f0440a09357005b563e3174,
    title = "Cultural differences in athlete attributions for success and failure: The sports pages revisited",
    abstract = "Self-serving biases in attribution, while found with relative consistency in research with Western samples, have rarely been found in Japanese samples typically recruited for research. However, research conducted with Japanese participants to date has tended to use forced choice and/or reactive paradigms, with school or university students, focusing mainly on academic performance or arbitrary and/or researcher-selected tasks. This archival study explored whether self-serving attributional biases would be shown in the real-life attributions for sporting performance made by elite Olympic athletes from Japan and Australia. Attributions (N = 216) were extracted from the sports pages of Japanese and Australian newspapers and rated by Australian judges for locus and controllability. It was hypothesised that Australian, but not Japanese, athletes would show self-serving biases such that they attributed wins to causes more internal and controllable than the causes to which they attributed losses. Contrary to predictions, self-serving biases were shown to at least some extent by athletes of both nationalities. Both Australian and Japanese men attributed wins to causes more internal than those to which they attributed losses. Women, however, attributed wins and losses to causes that did not differ significantly in terms of locus. All athletes tended to attribute wins to causes that were more controllable than the causes to which losses were attributed. Results are inconsistent with a large body of research suggesting that Japanese do not show self-serving biases in attribution, and are discussed in the light of differences in methodology, context and participants that may have contributed to these effects.",
    keywords = "Open access version available, Causal Attribution, Cultural Differences, Gender/Sex Roles, Social Cognition, Sport",
    author = "Lynley Aldridge and Mir Islam",
    note = "Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = February, 2012; Journal title (773t) = International Journal of Psychology. ISSNs: 0020-7594;",
    year = "2012",
    month = "2",
    doi = "10.1080/00207594.2011.585160",
    language = "English",
    volume = "47",
    pages = "67--75",
    journal = "International Journal of Psychology",
    issn = "0020-7594",
    publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
    number = "1",

    }

    Cultural differences in athlete attributions for success and failure : The sports pages revisited. / Aldridge, Lynley; Islam, Mir.

    In: International Journal of Psychology, Vol. 47, No. 1, 02.2012, p. 67-75.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Cultural differences in athlete attributions for success and failure

    T2 - The sports pages revisited

    AU - Aldridge, Lynley

    AU - Islam, Mir

    N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = February, 2012; Journal title (773t) = International Journal of Psychology. ISSNs: 0020-7594;

    PY - 2012/2

    Y1 - 2012/2

    N2 - Self-serving biases in attribution, while found with relative consistency in research with Western samples, have rarely been found in Japanese samples typically recruited for research. However, research conducted with Japanese participants to date has tended to use forced choice and/or reactive paradigms, with school or university students, focusing mainly on academic performance or arbitrary and/or researcher-selected tasks. This archival study explored whether self-serving attributional biases would be shown in the real-life attributions for sporting performance made by elite Olympic athletes from Japan and Australia. Attributions (N = 216) were extracted from the sports pages of Japanese and Australian newspapers and rated by Australian judges for locus and controllability. It was hypothesised that Australian, but not Japanese, athletes would show self-serving biases such that they attributed wins to causes more internal and controllable than the causes to which they attributed losses. Contrary to predictions, self-serving biases were shown to at least some extent by athletes of both nationalities. Both Australian and Japanese men attributed wins to causes more internal than those to which they attributed losses. Women, however, attributed wins and losses to causes that did not differ significantly in terms of locus. All athletes tended to attribute wins to causes that were more controllable than the causes to which losses were attributed. Results are inconsistent with a large body of research suggesting that Japanese do not show self-serving biases in attribution, and are discussed in the light of differences in methodology, context and participants that may have contributed to these effects.

    AB - Self-serving biases in attribution, while found with relative consistency in research with Western samples, have rarely been found in Japanese samples typically recruited for research. However, research conducted with Japanese participants to date has tended to use forced choice and/or reactive paradigms, with school or university students, focusing mainly on academic performance or arbitrary and/or researcher-selected tasks. This archival study explored whether self-serving attributional biases would be shown in the real-life attributions for sporting performance made by elite Olympic athletes from Japan and Australia. Attributions (N = 216) were extracted from the sports pages of Japanese and Australian newspapers and rated by Australian judges for locus and controllability. It was hypothesised that Australian, but not Japanese, athletes would show self-serving biases such that they attributed wins to causes more internal and controllable than the causes to which they attributed losses. Contrary to predictions, self-serving biases were shown to at least some extent by athletes of both nationalities. Both Australian and Japanese men attributed wins to causes more internal than those to which they attributed losses. Women, however, attributed wins and losses to causes that did not differ significantly in terms of locus. All athletes tended to attribute wins to causes that were more controllable than the causes to which losses were attributed. Results are inconsistent with a large body of research suggesting that Japanese do not show self-serving biases in attribution, and are discussed in the light of differences in methodology, context and participants that may have contributed to these effects.

    KW - Open access version available

    KW - Causal Attribution

    KW - Cultural Differences

    KW - Gender/Sex Roles

    KW - Social Cognition

    KW - Sport

    U2 - 10.1080/00207594.2011.585160

    DO - 10.1080/00207594.2011.585160

    M3 - Article

    VL - 47

    SP - 67

    EP - 75

    JO - International Journal of Psychology

    JF - International Journal of Psychology

    SN - 0020-7594

    IS - 1

    ER -