While there has been a considerable degree of agreement on the causes of child labour and the range of policies needed to deal with the problem, there has been less agreement on the theoretical underpinning of policies and practices. Most of the theories put forward deal with narrow specific issues, and are generally unsatisfactory for explaining the persistence of child labour, or for providing a theoretical underpinning of policies to eradicate it. A theory that appears to have both explanatory and policy-making advantages is the theory of cumulative causation. This chapter seeks to show how cumulative causation can be used to explain why child labour occurs in a number of developing countries in Asia, why it persists despite legislation and programs seeking its elimination, and how it can be used as the basis of policy to eliminate child labour. As well as drawing on the literature of cumulative causation, the chapter draws upon other chapters in the book for examples of issues, problems, policies and programs relating to child labour.
|Title of host publication||Child labour in South Asia|
|Editors||Gamini Herath, Kishor Sharma|
|Place of Publication||Aldershot, England|
|Publisher||Ashgate Publishing Limited|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2007|