Current and future strategies for diagnostic and management of obstructive sleep apnea

Sartaj Khurana, Narshone Soda, Muhammad J.A. Shiddiky, Ranu Nayak, Sudeep Bose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder with multiple comorbidities including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disorders. Detected based on an overnight sleep study is called polysomnography (PSG); OSA still remains undiagnosed in majority of the population mainly attributed to lack of awareness. To overcome the limitations posed by PSG such as patient discomfort and overnight hospitalization, newer technologies are being explored. In addition, challenges associated with current management of OSA using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), etc. presents several pitfalls. Areas Covered: Conventional and modern detection/management techniques including PSG, CPAP, smart wearable/pillows, bio-motion sensors, etc., have both pros and cons. To fulfill the limitations in OSA diagnostics, there is an imperative need for new technology for screening of symptomatic and more importantly asymptomatic OSA patients to reduce the risk of several associated life-threatening comorbidities. In this line, molecular marker-based diagnostics have shown great promises. Expert Opinion: A detailed overview is presented on the OSA management and diagnostic approaches and recent advances in the molecular screening methods. The potentials of biomarker-based detection and its limitations are also portrayed and a comparison between the standard, current modern approaches, and promising futuristic technologies for OSA diagnostics and management is set forth. ABBREVIATIONS AHI: Apnea hypopnea index; AI: artificial intelligence; CAM: Cell adhesion molecules; CPAP: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure; COVID-19: Coronavirus Disease 2019; CVD: Cardiovascular disease; ELISA: Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; HSAT: Home sleep apnea testing; IR-UWB: Impulse radio-ultra wideband; MMA: maxillomandibular advancement; PSG: Polysomnography; OSA: Obstructive sleep apnea; SOD: Superoxide dismutase; QD: Quantum dot.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1287-1301
Number of pages15
JournalExpert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Nov 2021

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