Topic modelling is important for tackling several data mining tasks in information retrieval. While seminal topic modelling techniques such as Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) have been proposed, the ubiquity of social media and the brevity of its texts pose unique challenges for such traditional topic modelling techniques. Several extensions including <italic>auxiliary aggregation</italic>, <italic>self aggregation</italic> and <italic>direct learning</italic> have been proposed to mitigate these challenges, however some still remain. These include a lack of consistency in the topics generated and the decline in model performance in applications involving disparate document lengths. There is a recent paradigm shift towards neural topic models, which are not suited for resource-constrained environments. This paper revisits LDA-style techniques, taking a theoretical approach to analyse the relationship between word co-occurrence and topic models. Our analysis shows that by altering the word co-occurrences within the corpus, topic discovery can be enhanced. Thus we propose a novel data transformation approach dubbed <italic>DATM</italic> to improve the topic discovery within a corpus. A rigorous empirical evaluation shows that DATM is not only powerful, but it can also be used in conjunction with existing benchmark techniques to significantly improve their effectiveness and their consistency by up to 2 fold.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32826-32841
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'DATM: A novel data agnostic topic modelling technique with improved effectiveness for both short and long text'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this