Deconstructing Neo-colonialism and liberalism: Kenya and the NGOs

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Neo-colonialism theories bring back to life memories of colonial imperialism especially to the locals in countries such as Kenya where, 43 years after the proclamation of self-governance, most rural communities appear to be still awaiting the 'true' independence. The locals may have seen the political 'peace' and sovereign recognition of their state, but many are yet to realise the education and development systems that will set them free from being constructed by both their own government and non-government aid agencies as impoverished subjects. Perceived from the Kenyan experience, Spivak's questions on 'representability' become not only relevant but, more importantly, identify a need for studies that will attempt to give voice or deconstruct the notions of the wamaskini (impoverished subjects) or in Spivak's words 'the subaltern'. The question made by Spivak (1985 cited in Gandhi, 1998, p.1) was, Can the subaltern speak? Indeed this was and still is a contested question. And even though such studies as this current one attempt in some way to let the selected impoverished subjects in Kenya speak in relation to the NGO-aided projects, the best it can offer is to add to the debates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Education Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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