Deforestation and the environmental Kuznets curve

An institutional perspective

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

138 Citations (Scopus)
270 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Institutions for secure property rights and better environmental policies for moving the system towards a sustainable growth path can reduce the height of an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) relationship between income and deforestation. This study examines the impact of these specific institutional factors on the EKC relationship for deforestation across Latin American, African and Asian countries. The factors related to agricultural production, population, economy and governmental policies of each country are hypothesised to affect deforestation. Results of the Latin American countries show significant evidence of an EKC relationship for deforestation and also relevance of the institutional factors to reduce the rate of deforestation. Improvements in institutions for secure property rights and better environmental policies can thus significantly reduce the rate of deforestation without hindering the level of economic growth. Evidence also suggests that the effect of agricultural production on deforestation could be halted by strengthening institutional factors. There was found to be complementarity between the institutional factors and forest sector polices, and an additive effect between the institutional factors and forest products export promotion policies, which could also eventually reduce the rate of deforestation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-437
Number of pages9
JournalEcological Economics
Volume61
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

Fingerprint

Kuznets curve
deforestation
property rights
agricultural production
environmental policy
Deforestation
Institutional perspective
Environmental Kuznets curve
African American
forest product
complementarity
economic growth
Institutional factors
income

Cite this

@article{202cb928d746497186d5396481c14eea,
title = "Deforestation and the environmental Kuznets curve: An institutional perspective",
abstract = "Institutions for secure property rights and better environmental policies for moving the system towards a sustainable growth path can reduce the height of an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) relationship between income and deforestation. This study examines the impact of these specific institutional factors on the EKC relationship for deforestation across Latin American, African and Asian countries. The factors related to agricultural production, population, economy and governmental policies of each country are hypothesised to affect deforestation. Results of the Latin American countries show significant evidence of an EKC relationship for deforestation and also relevance of the institutional factors to reduce the rate of deforestation. Improvements in institutions for secure property rights and better environmental policies can thus significantly reduce the rate of deforestation without hindering the level of economic growth. Evidence also suggests that the effect of agricultural production on deforestation could be halted by strengthening institutional factors. There was found to be complementarity between the institutional factors and forest sector polices, and an additive effect between the institutional factors and forest products export promotion policies, which could also eventually reduce the rate of deforestation.",
keywords = "Open access version available, Deforestation, Environmental Kuznets Curve, Institutions",
author = "Culas, {Richard J}",
note = "Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = March 2007; Journal title (773t) = Ecological Economics. ISSNs: 0921-8009;",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.03.014",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "429--437",
journal = "Ecological Economics",
issn = "0921-8009",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2-3",

}

Deforestation and the environmental Kuznets curve : An institutional perspective. / Culas, Richard J.

In: Ecological Economics, Vol. 61, No. 2-3, 03.2007, p. 429-437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deforestation and the environmental Kuznets curve

T2 - An institutional perspective

AU - Culas, Richard J

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = March 2007; Journal title (773t) = Ecological Economics. ISSNs: 0921-8009;

PY - 2007/3

Y1 - 2007/3

N2 - Institutions for secure property rights and better environmental policies for moving the system towards a sustainable growth path can reduce the height of an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) relationship between income and deforestation. This study examines the impact of these specific institutional factors on the EKC relationship for deforestation across Latin American, African and Asian countries. The factors related to agricultural production, population, economy and governmental policies of each country are hypothesised to affect deforestation. Results of the Latin American countries show significant evidence of an EKC relationship for deforestation and also relevance of the institutional factors to reduce the rate of deforestation. Improvements in institutions for secure property rights and better environmental policies can thus significantly reduce the rate of deforestation without hindering the level of economic growth. Evidence also suggests that the effect of agricultural production on deforestation could be halted by strengthening institutional factors. There was found to be complementarity between the institutional factors and forest sector polices, and an additive effect between the institutional factors and forest products export promotion policies, which could also eventually reduce the rate of deforestation.

AB - Institutions for secure property rights and better environmental policies for moving the system towards a sustainable growth path can reduce the height of an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) relationship between income and deforestation. This study examines the impact of these specific institutional factors on the EKC relationship for deforestation across Latin American, African and Asian countries. The factors related to agricultural production, population, economy and governmental policies of each country are hypothesised to affect deforestation. Results of the Latin American countries show significant evidence of an EKC relationship for deforestation and also relevance of the institutional factors to reduce the rate of deforestation. Improvements in institutions for secure property rights and better environmental policies can thus significantly reduce the rate of deforestation without hindering the level of economic growth. Evidence also suggests that the effect of agricultural production on deforestation could be halted by strengthening institutional factors. There was found to be complementarity between the institutional factors and forest sector polices, and an additive effect between the institutional factors and forest products export promotion policies, which could also eventually reduce the rate of deforestation.

KW - Open access version available

KW - Deforestation

KW - Environmental Kuznets Curve

KW - Institutions

U2 - 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.03.014

DO - 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.03.014

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 429

EP - 437

JO - Ecological Economics

JF - Ecological Economics

SN - 0921-8009

IS - 2-3

ER -