Demonstration farms to improve grasslands and household incomes in western China: what can be done and what are we learning?

David Kemp, Guodong Han, Gemma Junk, Colin Langford, David Michalk, Geoff Millar, Taro Takahashi, Zhu Xu, Mengli Zhao

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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Abstract

Previous chapters have outlined tactics and strategies that can be employed to maintain and/or improve net household incomes from livestock, and then provide opportunities to improve grassland management by reducing stocking rates. Those tactics and strategies can be grouped into key areas, with components that can be implemented within current farm structures, while other aspects are more medium term. Central to many of the changes that can be implemented is the need to identify which animals to keep or cull. The StageONE model was developed to identify the best to worst animals and a strategy for culling. The extra cash generated from culling the least productive animals can then be used to finance farm improvements. An initial study was done on 12 demonstration farms to first cull extra animals and then provide better feeding and housing for the remainder. In general, the farms involved showed benefits, but not as great as expected. The experience gained in implementing change on farms is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDevelopment of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008
EditorsD.R. Kemp, D.L. Michalk
Place of PublicationCanberra, ACT
PublisherAustralian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
Pages152-161
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781921615456
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventXXI International Grassland Congress and VIII International Rangeland Congress - Hohhot, China, Hohhot, China
Duration: 28 Jun 200828 Jun 2008

Conference

ConferenceXXI International Grassland Congress and VIII International Rangeland Congress
CountryChina
CityHohhot
Period28/06/0828/06/08

Fingerprint

household income
demonstration farms
learning
grasslands
culling (animals)
China
farms
animals
farm structure
finance
range management
stocking rate
livestock

Cite this

Kemp, D., Han, G., Junk, G., Langford, C., Michalk, D., Millar, G., ... Zhao, M. (2011). Demonstration farms to improve grasslands and household incomes in western China: what can be done and what are we learning? In D. R. Kemp, & D. L. Michalk (Eds.), Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008 (pp. 152-161). Canberra, ACT: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR).
Kemp, David ; Han, Guodong ; Junk, Gemma ; Langford, Colin ; Michalk, David ; Millar, Geoff ; Takahashi, Taro ; Xu, Zhu ; Zhao, Mengli. / Demonstration farms to improve grasslands and household incomes in western China : what can be done and what are we learning?. Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008. editor / D.R. Kemp ; D.L. Michalk. Canberra, ACT : Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), 2011. pp. 152-161
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title = "Demonstration farms to improve grasslands and household incomes in western China: what can be done and what are we learning?",
abstract = "Previous chapters have outlined tactics and strategies that can be employed to maintain and/or improve net household incomes from livestock, and then provide opportunities to improve grassland management by reducing stocking rates. Those tactics and strategies can be grouped into key areas, with components that can be implemented within current farm structures, while other aspects are more medium term. Central to many of the changes that can be implemented is the need to identify which animals to keep or cull. The StageONE model was developed to identify the best to worst animals and a strategy for culling. The extra cash generated from culling the least productive animals can then be used to finance farm improvements. An initial study was done on 12 demonstration farms to first cull extra animals and then provide better feeding and housing for the remainder. In general, the farms involved showed benefits, but not as great as expected. The experience gained in implementing change on farms is discussed.",
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Kemp, D, Han, G, Junk, G, Langford, C, Michalk, D, Millar, G, Takahashi, T, Xu, Z & Zhao, M 2011, Demonstration farms to improve grasslands and household incomes in western China: what can be done and what are we learning? in DR Kemp & DL Michalk (eds), Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), Canberra, ACT, pp. 152-161, XXI International Grassland Congress and VIII International Rangeland Congress, Hohhot, China, 28/06/08.

Demonstration farms to improve grasslands and household incomes in western China : what can be done and what are we learning? / Kemp, David; Han, Guodong; Junk, Gemma; Langford, Colin; Michalk, David; Millar, Geoff; Takahashi, Taro; Xu, Zhu; Zhao, Mengli.

Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008. ed. / D.R. Kemp; D.L. Michalk. Canberra, ACT : Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), 2011. p. 152-161.

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paper

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AU - Xu, Zhu

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AB - Previous chapters have outlined tactics and strategies that can be employed to maintain and/or improve net household incomes from livestock, and then provide opportunities to improve grassland management by reducing stocking rates. Those tactics and strategies can be grouped into key areas, with components that can be implemented within current farm structures, while other aspects are more medium term. Central to many of the changes that can be implemented is the need to identify which animals to keep or cull. The StageONE model was developed to identify the best to worst animals and a strategy for culling. The extra cash generated from culling the least productive animals can then be used to finance farm improvements. An initial study was done on 12 demonstration farms to first cull extra animals and then provide better feeding and housing for the remainder. In general, the farms involved showed benefits, but not as great as expected. The experience gained in implementing change on farms is discussed.

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ER -

Kemp D, Han G, Junk G, Langford C, Michalk D, Millar G et al. Demonstration farms to improve grasslands and household incomes in western China: what can be done and what are we learning? In Kemp DR, Michalk DL, editors, Development of sustainable livestock systems on grasslands in north-western China: Proceedings of a workshop held at the combined International Grassland Congress and International Rangeland Conference, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, 28 June 2008. Canberra, ACT: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). 2011. p. 152-161