Determination of ultra-trace amounts of cadmium in natural waters by the combination of a solvent extraction procedure and anodic stripping voltammetry

Samuel B. Adeloju, Kathryn A. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A method combining a solvent extraction procedure with anodic stripping voltammetry for the reliable determination of ultra-trace amounts of cadmium in natural waters is reported. The element is pre-concentrated as cadmium dithiocarbamate into Freon and subsequently back-extracted into an acidic aqueous medium for the voltammetric determination. The utilisation of the pre-concentration procedure prior to the determination substantially reduces the required plating time for the electrochemical technique and hence permits a considerable reduction in the over-all analysis time. The separation of the analyte from the bulk of the natural water matrix permits the direct determination of ≥ 0.1 μg l-1 of the element from a calibration graph, whereas for lower concentrations the use of the standard additions method is necessary for reliable determination. The minimum amount of cadmium that can be pre-concentrated and determined reliably by the voltammetric technique is 0.025 μg l-1. The application of the over-all approach to an NBS Standard Reference Water (fresh water) and local sea water samples was successful.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-226
Number of pages6
JournalThe Analyst
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 1987

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Determination of ultra-trace amounts of cadmium in natural waters by the combination of a solvent extraction procedure and anodic stripping voltammetry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this