Determining readiness for a reablement approach to care in Australia: Development of a pre-employment questionnaire

Sarah J. Prior, Anne Heath, Nicole S. Reeves, Steven J. Campbell, Hazel Maxwell, Marguerite Bramble, Annette Marlow, Douglass Doherty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Reablement is described as a goal directed intervention with a view to maintain or improve the independence of clients through “doing with, rather than doing for”. As a relatively new concept in care, lack of specific skills in reablement is not uncommon, however, intrinsic values aligned with reablement are beneficial to organisations providing care and support to clients. The aim of this study is to develop a pre-employment questionnaire to assess readiness for a reablement approach to care as a step towards developing a reablement culture across organisations. A questionnaire based on activities of daily living (ADL), developed by the research team in consultation with a local community-based care organisation, was completed by 166 staff members at a community-based care organisation in Tasmania across several timepoints during and following reablement education sessions in 2018. The scores from these questionnaires were utilised to develop a questionnaire appropriate for determining readiness for reablement prior to employment within the organisation. Over a period of twelve months, a total of 407 Reablement Readiness Questionnaires were submitted by staff, indicating high levels of willingness to engage in reablement prior to and following the education sessions. Exploratory factor analyses were performed, and the construct validity and internal consistency of the emerging factors were assessed. An exploratory factor analysis indicated that ADL, in relation to reablement, consist of three dimensions—Lifestyle, My body and Connecting. The corresponding questions were subsequently built into an online questionnaire for pre-employment use. This questionnaire also has potential benefit in recruitment of staff to other community service organisations, to ascertain their readiness for reablement prior to beginning a variety of different roles within client care and support.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth and Social Care in the Community
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 02 Sep 2020

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