Development of a simple collagen based ELISA assay aids in the diagnosis of, and permits sensitive discrimination between type I and type II, von Willebrand's disease

E J Favaloro, L Grispo, T Exner, J Koutts

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106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed and evaluated an ELISA-based collagen binding assay (CBA) as an aid in the diagnosis and classification of von Willebrand's disease (vWD). The assay is simple to perform, and appears capable of differentiating Type II vWD from Type I vWD. Using plasma samples from both affected and non-affected patients, or from normal individuals, data obtained using the CBA were directly compared to data simultaneously derived from a standard von Willebrand factor antigen (protein; vWFAg) ELISA, and from a standard ristocetin cofactor (RCof) assay. Plasma derived from vWD patients (both Type I and Type II) showed overall reduced levels of vWF as detected by all three assays. Mean levels as a per cent of normal for vWFAg, CBA, RCof were 47.3, 60.7, 31.1 for Type I patients (n = 37), and 34.9, 1.6, 11.9 for Type II patients (n = 16) respectively. However despite the reduced vWF levels detected in Type I vWF binding values for both the CBA and vWFAg showed near comparability (i.e. vWFAg:CBA ratio generally less than or equal to 1.0). These ratio values were thus similar to those observed using plasma derived from either individual normal donors, or from non-vWD affected patients. On the other hand, plasma from Type II vWD affected patients showed markedly disparent values, with increased (greater than 8.0) vWFAg:CBA ratios coincident with virtually absent CBA binding in these patients. Thus, the CBA as reported here does appear to constitute a novel functional assay capable of detecting qualitative vWF differences in plasma of affected vWD patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-91
Number of pages7
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1991

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