Development of a submaximal test to predict elliptical cross-trainer VO2max

Lance C. Dalleck, Len Kravitz, Robert A. Robergs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to develop an equation to predict V'o<sub>2</sub>max from a submaximal elliptical cross-trainer test. Fifty-four apparently healthy subjects (25 men and 29 women, mean ± SD age: 29.5 ± 7.1 years, height: 173.3 ± 12.6 cm, weight: 72.3 ± 7.9 kg, percent body fat: 17.3 ± 5.0%, and elliptical cross-trainer V'o<sub>2</sub>max: 43.9 ± 7.2 ml·kg<sup>-1</sup>·min<sup>-1</sup>) participated in the study and were randomly assigned to an original sample group (n = 40) and a cross-validation group (n = 14). Each subject completed an elliptical cross-trainer submaximal (3 5-minute submaximal stages) and a V'o<sub>2</sub>max test on the same day, with a 15-minute rest period in between. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were used to develop an equation for estimating elliptical cross-trainer V'o<sub>2</sub>max from the data of the original sample group. The accuracy of the equation was tested by using data from the cross-validation group. Because there was no shrinkage in R² between the original sample group and the cross-validation group, data were combined in the final prediction equation (R² = 0.732, standard error of the estimate = 3.91 ml·kg<sup>-1</sup>·min<sup>-1</sup>, p < 0.05): V'o<sub>2</sub>max = 73.676 + 7.383(gender) - 0.317(weight) + 0.003957(age·cadence) - 0.006452(age·heart rate at stage 2). The correlation coefficient between the predicted and measured V'o<sub>2</sub>max values was r = 0.86. Dependent t-tests resulted in no significant differences (p > 0.05) between predicted (43.8 ml·kg<sup>-1</sup>·min<sup>-1</sup>) and measured (43.9 ml·kg<sup>-1</sup>·min<sup>-1</sup>) V'o<sub>2</sub>max measurements. Results indicate that the protocol and equation developed in the current study can be used by exercise professionals to provide acceptably accurate estimates of V'o<sub>2</sub>max in non-laboratory-based settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-283
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2006


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