Differential sensitivity of von Willebrand factor activity assays to reduced VWF molecular weight forms: A large international cross-laboratory study

Emmanuel J Favaloro, Roslyn Bonar, Martine J Hollestelle, Ian Jennings, Soma Mohammed, Piet Meijer, Timothy Woods, Muriel Meiring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: von Willebrand disease (VWD), the most common inherited bleeding disorder, is due to deficiencies/defects in von Willebrand factor (VWF). Effective diagnosis requires testing for FVIII, VWF antigen and one or more VWF 'activity' assays. Classically, 'activity' is assessed using ristocetin cofactor (VWF:RCo), but collagen binding (VWF:CB) and/or other assays are used by many laboratories. This extensive international cross-laboratory study has specifically evaluated contemporary VWF activity assays for comparative sensitivity to reduction in high molecular weight (HMW) VWF, and their ability to differentiate type 1 vs 2A VWD-like samples.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A set of four samples representing step wise reduction in HMW VWF were tested by over 400 laboratories worldwide using various assays. A second set of two samples representing type 1 or type 2A VWD-like plasma was tested by a subset of 251 laboratories.

RESULTS: Combined data identified some differences between VWF activity assays, with sensitivity for reduction of HMW being highest for VWF:CB and VWF:GPIbM, intermediate for VWF:RCo and VWF:GPIbR, and lowest for VWF:Ab. 'Within' method analysis identified the Stago method as the most sensitive VWF:CB assay. A large variation in inter-laboratory CV (e.g., 7-24% for the normal sample) was also demonstrated for various methods. Although performance of various methods differed significantly, most laboratories correctly differentiated between type 1 and 2 samples, irrespective of VWF activity assay employed.

CONCLUSIONS: These results hold significant clinical implications for diagnosis and therapy monitoring of VWD, as well as potential future diagnosis and therapy monitoring of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-105
Number of pages10
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume166
Early online date18 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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