Differentiating predictive validity and practical utility for the Australian Adaptation of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory

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Abstract

The predictive validity for the Australian Adaptation of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory was tested in a large sample (N = 4,401) of community-based juvenile offenders in New South Wales, Australia. First, we compared gender and ethnic subgroups on domain, total scores, and predictive validity. Both similarities and modest differences emerged in mean scores across subgroups. The pattern of predictive validity results showed comparable indices by gender and ethnic subgroups. Second, we supplemented our quantitative method with a review of 26 case files with the lowest risk scores and a 1-year reoffense, and 25 case files with the highest risk scores and no 1-year reoffense. We discuss implications of the findings for improving the predictive validity and practical utility of risk–need assessment with juvenile offenders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)820-839
Number of pages19
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume45
Issue number6
Early online dateMar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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case management
Case Management
Equipment and Supplies
juvenile offender
South Australia
New South Wales
Reproducibility of Results
gender
quantitative method
community

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title = "Differentiating predictive validity and practical utility for the Australian Adaptation of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory",
abstract = "The predictive validity for the Australian Adaptation of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory was tested in a large sample (N = 4,401) of community-based juvenile offenders in New South Wales, Australia. First, we compared gender and ethnic subgroups on domain, total scores, and predictive validity. Both similarities and modest differences emerged in mean scores across subgroups. The pattern of predictive validity results showed comparable indices by gender and ethnic subgroups. Second, we supplemented our quantitative method with a review of 26 case files with the lowest risk scores and a 1-year reoffense, and 25 case files with the highest risk scores and no 1-year reoffense. We discuss implications of the findings for improving the predictive validity and practical utility of risk–need assessment with juvenile offenders.",
keywords = "Juvenile offending, Risk assessment, Recidivism, Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory",
author = "Andrew McGrath and Thompson, {Anthony P} and Jane Goodman-Delahunty",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
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language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "820--839",
journal = "Criminal Justice and Behavior",
issn = "0093-8548",
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number = "6",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Differentiating predictive validity and practical utility for the Australian Adaptation of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory

AU - McGrath, Andrew

AU - Thompson, Anthony P

AU - Goodman-Delahunty, Jane

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - The predictive validity for the Australian Adaptation of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory was tested in a large sample (N = 4,401) of community-based juvenile offenders in New South Wales, Australia. First, we compared gender and ethnic subgroups on domain, total scores, and predictive validity. Both similarities and modest differences emerged in mean scores across subgroups. The pattern of predictive validity results showed comparable indices by gender and ethnic subgroups. Second, we supplemented our quantitative method with a review of 26 case files with the lowest risk scores and a 1-year reoffense, and 25 case files with the highest risk scores and no 1-year reoffense. We discuss implications of the findings for improving the predictive validity and practical utility of risk–need assessment with juvenile offenders.

AB - The predictive validity for the Australian Adaptation of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory was tested in a large sample (N = 4,401) of community-based juvenile offenders in New South Wales, Australia. First, we compared gender and ethnic subgroups on domain, total scores, and predictive validity. Both similarities and modest differences emerged in mean scores across subgroups. The pattern of predictive validity results showed comparable indices by gender and ethnic subgroups. Second, we supplemented our quantitative method with a review of 26 case files with the lowest risk scores and a 1-year reoffense, and 25 case files with the highest risk scores and no 1-year reoffense. We discuss implications of the findings for improving the predictive validity and practical utility of risk–need assessment with juvenile offenders.

KW - Juvenile offending

KW - Risk assessment

KW - Recidivism

KW - Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory

U2 - 10.1177/0093854818762468

DO - 10.1177/0093854818762468

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 820

EP - 839

JO - Criminal Justice and Behavior

JF - Criminal Justice and Behavior

SN - 0093-8548

IS - 6

ER -