Disease-associated polymorphisms in ERAP1 do not alter endoplasmic reticulum stress in patients with ankylosing spondylitis

T J Kenna, M C Lau, P Keith, F Ciccia, M-E Costello, L Bradbury, Poh-Lynn Low, Nitish Agrawal, Giovanni Triolo, Riccardo Alessandro, P. C. Robinson, Gethin Thomas, M. A. Brown

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    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The mechanism by which human leukocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27) contributes to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) remains unclear. Genetic studies demonstrate that association with and interaction between polymorphisms of endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP1) and HLA-B27 influence the risk of AS. It has been hypothesised that ERAP1-mediated HLA-B27 misfolding increases endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, driving an interleukin (IL) 23-dependent, pro-inflammatory immune response. We tested the hypothesis that AS-risk ERAP1 variants increase ER-stress and concomitant pro-inflammatory cytokine production in HLA-B27+ but not HLA-B27− AS patients or controls. Forty-nine AS cases and 22 healthy controls were grouped according to HLA-B27 status and AS-associated ERAP1 rs30187 genotypes: HLA-B27+ERAP1risk, HLA-B27+ERAP1protective, HLA-B27−ERAP1risk and HLA-B27−ERAP1protective. Expression levels of ER-stress markers GRP78 (8 kDa glucose-regulated protein), CHOP (C/EBP-homologous protein) and inflammatory cytokines were determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cell and ileal biopsies. We found no differences in ER-stress gene expression between HLA-B27+ and HLA-B27− cases or healthy controls, or between cases or controls stratified by carriage of ERAP1 risk or protective alleles in the presence or absence of HLA-B27. No differences were observed between expression of IL17A or TNF (tumour necrosis factor) in HLA-B27+ERAP1risk, HLA-B27+ERAP1protective and HLA-B27−ERAP1protective cases. These data demonstrate that aberrant ERAP1 activity and HLA-B27 carriage does not alter ER-stress levels in AS, suggesting that ERAP1 and HLA-B27 may influence disease susceptibility through other mechanisms.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)35-42
    Number of pages8
    JournalGenes and Immunity
    Volume16
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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