Diversity as Strategy: Democracy's Ultimate Litmus Test

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Advanced democracies' defence and security forces have the privileged task of upholding the democratic way of life and its underlying values. Why, then, are they increasingly unrepresentative of the societies they allegedly serve? These organisations widely see diversity as a liability. They appear to have good reasons to defend their reticence. Contra the prevailing logic, this article posits diversity as a strategic asset. However, rather than relying on normative theoretical claims, the article defends the merits of diversity in the security and defence sectors on functional grounds. Operational, demographic, economic, formal-constitutional, and political trends militate for a paradigm shift: diversity's payoffs for the organisations' functional imperative greatly outweigh perceived costs. © 2009 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-579
Number of pages21
JournalCommonwealth and Comparative Politics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2009


Dive into the research topics of 'Diversity as Strategy: Democracy's Ultimate Litmus Test'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this