Dynamics of Poverty in Developing Countries

Review of Poverty Reduction Approaches

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Abstract

The term poverty has been described in different ways throughout the world due to its multidimensional nature.Whereas some countries and geographical regions view poverty as deprivation, others are concerned with socialexclusion and inequality in resource distribution. Despite the differences in poverty interpretations, manycountries in the developing world have adopted universal poverty reduction approaches over the years. Thispaper analyzes the conceptual underpinnings of poverty focusing on its evolution, the multidimensionaldefinitions, and poverty reduction efforts implemented over the past 50 years. Using secondary data analysis, thepaper reveals the universal approaches to poverty reduction have yielded few successes, and recommends thatpoverty should be viewed as a global phenomenon but tackled at the local level using local indicators. Toachieve sustainable development, developing countries should focus on meeting the basic needs of theirinhabitants and be committed to ensuring stable political and economic environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Sustainable Development
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

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Developing countries
poverty
developing world
developing country
Geographical regions
Sustainable development
Economics
basic needs
basic need
geographical region
secondary analysis
deprivation
sustainable development
data analysis
interpretation
resource
economics
resources

Cite this

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title = "Dynamics of Poverty in Developing Countries: Review of Poverty Reduction Approaches",
abstract = "The term poverty has been described in different ways throughout the world due to its multidimensional nature.Whereas some countries and geographical regions view poverty as deprivation, others are concerned with socialexclusion and inequality in resource distribution. Despite the differences in poverty interpretations, manycountries in the developing world have adopted universal poverty reduction approaches over the years. Thispaper analyzes the conceptual underpinnings of poverty focusing on its evolution, the multidimensionaldefinitions, and poverty reduction efforts implemented over the past 50 years. Using secondary data analysis, thepaper reveals the universal approaches to poverty reduction have yielded few successes, and recommends thatpoverty should be viewed as a global phenomenon but tackled at the local level using local indicators. Toachieve sustainable development, developing countries should focus on meeting the basic needs of theirinhabitants and be committed to ensuring stable political and economic environment.",
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