Early myogenic events in regenerating whole muscle grafts were compared between transgenic MLC/mIGF-1 mice with skeletal muscle-specific overexpression of the Exon-1 Ea isoform of insulin-like growth factor-1 (mIGF-1) and control FVB mice, from day 3 to day 21 after transplantation. Immunocytochemistry with antibodies against desmin showed that skeletal muscle-specific overexpression of IGF-1 did not affect the pattern of myoblast activation or proliferation or the onset and number of myotubes formed in regenerating whole muscle grafts. Hypertrophied myotubes were observed in MLC/mIGF grafts at day 7 after transplantation, although such hypertrophy was transient, and the transgenic and control grafts had a similar appearance at later time points (days 10, 14, and 21). Immunostaining with antibodies to platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, which identifies endothelial cells, demonstrated no difference in the formation of new vascular network in grafts of transgenic and control mice. Skeletal muscle-specific overexpression of mIGF-1 does not appear to stimulate the early events associated with myogenesis during regeneration of whole muscle grafts.