Ecotourism implementation in the Kakum conservation area, Ghana

administrative framework and local community experiences

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In principle ecotourism should support environmental conservation and local development; however, achieving success in delivering on frequently competing objectives of conservation and development has often proven difficult in many ecotourism destinations in Africa. This paper focuses on the implementation of ecotourism in the Kakum Conservation Area (KCA), the most popular ecotourism destination in Ghana. It examines the current administrative framework for implementing ecotourism, and the involvement and experiences of ecotourism by communities around the KCA. A case study research method was adopted using in-depth interviews with local residents and relevant park and non-governmental organisation agency staff. Findings indicate that the implementation of ecotourism is not recognised by the park officials as a process requiring negotiation between stakeholders with different agendas. Thus, the current ecotourism administrative framework does not acknowledge community involvement and participation as relevant to the implementation of ecotourism in the KCA which has generated mixed experiences among the local residents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-242
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Ecotourism
Volume14
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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administrative framework
ecotourism
Ghana
protected area
conservation
community
experience
resident
organizational unit
research method
stakeholder
Local communities
Ecotourism
Conservation
participation
nongovernmental organization
interview

Cite this

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title = "Ecotourism implementation in the Kakum conservation area, Ghana: administrative framework and local community experiences",
abstract = "In principle ecotourism should support environmental conservation and local development; however, achieving success in delivering on frequently competing objectives of conservation and development has often proven difficult in many ecotourism destinations in Africa. This paper focuses on the implementation of ecotourism in the Kakum Conservation Area (KCA), the most popular ecotourism destination in Ghana. It examines the current administrative framework for implementing ecotourism, and the involvement and experiences of ecotourism by communities around the KCA. A case study research method was adopted using in-depth interviews with local residents and relevant park and non-governmental organisation agency staff. Findings indicate that the implementation of ecotourism is not recognised by the park officials as a process requiring negotiation between stakeholders with different agendas. Thus, the current ecotourism administrative framework does not acknowledge community involvement and participation as relevant to the implementation of ecotourism in the KCA which has generated mixed experiences among the local residents.",
keywords = "Ecotourism, Environmental conservation, Ghana, Kakum Conservation Area, Local development",
author = "Patrick Cobbinah and Rosemary Black and Richard Thwaites",
note = "Includes bibliographical references.",
year = "2015",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Ecotourism implementation in the Kakum conservation area, Ghana

T2 - administrative framework and local community experiences

AU - Cobbinah, Patrick

AU - Black, Rosemary

AU - Thwaites, Richard

N1 - Includes bibliographical references.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In principle ecotourism should support environmental conservation and local development; however, achieving success in delivering on frequently competing objectives of conservation and development has often proven difficult in many ecotourism destinations in Africa. This paper focuses on the implementation of ecotourism in the Kakum Conservation Area (KCA), the most popular ecotourism destination in Ghana. It examines the current administrative framework for implementing ecotourism, and the involvement and experiences of ecotourism by communities around the KCA. A case study research method was adopted using in-depth interviews with local residents and relevant park and non-governmental organisation agency staff. Findings indicate that the implementation of ecotourism is not recognised by the park officials as a process requiring negotiation between stakeholders with different agendas. Thus, the current ecotourism administrative framework does not acknowledge community involvement and participation as relevant to the implementation of ecotourism in the KCA which has generated mixed experiences among the local residents.

AB - In principle ecotourism should support environmental conservation and local development; however, achieving success in delivering on frequently competing objectives of conservation and development has often proven difficult in many ecotourism destinations in Africa. This paper focuses on the implementation of ecotourism in the Kakum Conservation Area (KCA), the most popular ecotourism destination in Ghana. It examines the current administrative framework for implementing ecotourism, and the involvement and experiences of ecotourism by communities around the KCA. A case study research method was adopted using in-depth interviews with local residents and relevant park and non-governmental organisation agency staff. Findings indicate that the implementation of ecotourism is not recognised by the park officials as a process requiring negotiation between stakeholders with different agendas. Thus, the current ecotourism administrative framework does not acknowledge community involvement and participation as relevant to the implementation of ecotourism in the KCA which has generated mixed experiences among the local residents.

KW - Ecotourism

KW - Environmental conservation

KW - Ghana

KW - Kakum Conservation Area

KW - Local development

U2 - 10.1080/14724049.2015.1051536

DO - 10.1080/14724049.2015.1051536

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SN - 1472-4049

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