Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the effect of a seashell protein Haishengsu (HSS), an extract from a shellfish Tegillarca granosa, on cell growth and the expression of apoptosis genes in leukemia K562 cells.Methods: Cultured K562 cells were treated with HSS at various concentrations (10-40mg/L). The cell cycle, cell growth and the expression of apoptosis suppressor gene bcl-2 and apoptosis promoting gene bax was evaluated.Results: HSS (20mg/L) inhibited cell cycle in the G0/G1 and S phases. HSS (20mg/L) also inhibited the growth of K562 cells over time. The expression of bcl-2 gene in the HSS 20mg/L (58.8%±4.7%) and HSS 40mg/L group (26.6%±2.1%) was lower than in the control group (91.0±8.7%, P<0.01). The expression of bax gene in the HSS 20mg/L (77.7±3.6%) and 40mg/L group (90.6±3.7%) was higher than in the control group (10.9±6.6%, P<0.01).Conclusion: HSS suppresses leukemia K562 cell growth by inhibiting the G0/G1 and S phases of the cell cycle. It also induces apoptosis in these leukemia cells by reducing the expression of apoptosis suppressor gene bcl-2, and increasing the expression of apoptosis promoting gene bax. Further studies are required to investigate the clinical efficacy of HSS on leukemia.
|Journal||Clinical and Investigative Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|