Effect of age on muscle activation and twitch properties during static and dynamic actions

Melissa Wilder, Jack Cannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined age-associated changes in peak torque, voluntary activation levels, and potentiated twitch properties of the knee extensors during isometric (ISO), shortening (SHO), and lengthening (LEN) actions in 18 young subjects (19-27 years) and 12 elderly subjects (64-77 years). Peak torque was lower for the elderly under the ISO ('31%) and SHO ('28%) peak conditions (p <0.05); however, the loss in LEN peak torque in the elderly was less marked ('17%) (p> 0.05). Voluntary activation levels within and between groups were not significantly different and ranged between 96.8-98.9% (p> 0.05). Peak twitch torque and some temporal twitch characteristics were altered with age (p< 0.05), however, such changes were similar across all muscle actions (p> 0.05). These data suggest that the attenuated reduction in LEN muscle strength associated with age is probably not related to contraction-specific changes in voluntary activation levels or potentiated twitch properties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-691
Number of pages9
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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