Effect of aluminum on normal and uremic rats: Tissue distribution, vitamin D metabolites, and quantitative bone histology

Yuk Luen Chan, Allen C. Alfrey, Solomon Posen, Ellen Hills, Colin R. Dunstan, Richard A. Evans

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    73 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effects of intraperitoneal aluminum chloride (1.5 mg aluminum/kg/day for 9 weeks) were studied in normal and uremic rats. Parameters measured included tissue aluminum, serum vitamin D metabolites, and quantitative bone histology. Aluminum administration increased tissue concentrations of this metal in uremic and nonuremic animals. Bone aluminum concentrations were higher in uremic rats (121 ± 27 mg/kg compared to 47 ± 4), whereas liver values were higher in the nonuremic group (175 ± 47 mg/kg compared to 100 ± 36). Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were reduced in uremia, but aluminum was without apparent effect on any vitamin D metabolite. Aluminum, in the doses administered, caused no skeletal changes in nonuremic animals. Some uremic, non-aluminum-treated rats developed osteomalacia and marrow fibrosis. However, osteomalacia was more severe and the osteoclast count was higher in the uremic, aluminum-treated rats. In this group of animals the mineral apposition rate was reduced at the metaphyseal endosteum but increased at the periosteum, indicating different control mechanisms at the two sites.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)344-351
    Number of pages8
    JournalCalcified Tissue International
    Volume35
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 1983

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