Effect of carotid artery stenting on cognitive function in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis and cerebral lacunar infarction: A 3-year follow-up study in China

Zhang Yong Xia, Qin Jian Sun, Hua Yang, Ming Xia Zhang, Ru Ban, Ge Lin Xu, Ya Ping Wu, Lexin Wang, Yi Feng Du

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is an important therapeutic strategy for patients with carotid artery stenosis. However, the potential influence of CAS on cognitive function in patients with carotid artery stenosis and cerebral lacunar infarction has not been determined. This study investigated changes in cognitive function associated with CAS and the factors related to these changes.
Methods: This prospective cohort study comprised 579 Chinese patients with cerebral lacunar infarction and carotid artery stenosis for whom CAS was indicated, and a matched control group of 552 healthy individuals. Cognitive function before CAS and at scheduled intervals from 6 months to 3 years was assessed with instruments that included the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale. Potential factors that might affect cognitive function were analyzed via logistic regression.
Results: The MMSE and MoCA scores of the patients before CAS were significantly lower than that of the control subjects. These scores were significantly higher 6 months after CAS and sustained or increased throughout the 3-year follow-up. Also significantly improved after CAS from baseline were scores for an alternating trail test, cube copying, clock-drawing, attention, and delayed recall in an auditory-verbal learning test. Logistic regression analyses showed that age greater than 65 y, little education, diabetes, and hypertension were independent risk factors for deteriorated MoCA scores 3 years after CAS.
Conclusion: CAS was associated with significantly improved cognitive function in cerebral lacunar infarction patients with severe stenosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015

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