Effect of dialect on identification and severity of speech impairment in Indigenous Australian children

Bethany Toohill, Sharynne McLeod, Jane McCormack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)
94 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of dialectal difference on identification and rating of severity of speech impairment in children from Indigenous Australian backgrounds. The speech of 15 Indigenous Australian children identified by their parents/caregivers and teachers as having 'difficulty talking and making speech sounds' was assessed using the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Fourteen children were identified with speech impairment on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology using Standard Australian English (AusE) as the target pronunciation; whereas 13 were identified using Australian Aboriginal English (AAE) as the target. There was a statistically significant decrease in seven children's severity classification and a statistically significant increase in all children's percentage of consonants, vowels and phonemes correct when comparing AAE with AusE. Features of AAE used by the children included /h/ insertion and deletion, primary stress on the first syllable and diphthongs alternating with short clear vowels. It is important that speech-language pathologists consider children's dialect as one component of culturally and linguistically appropriate services.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-119
Number of pages19
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Fingerprint

dialect
phonology
diagnostic
Phonetics
Speech Impairment
evaluation
Caregivers
caregiver
parents
Language
Parents
rating
teacher
language
Aboriginal English

Grant Number

  • FT0990588

Cite this

@article{c8afa06b721e4f43b2017b6928e1cb90,
title = "Effect of dialect on identification and severity of speech impairment in Indigenous Australian children",
abstract = "This study investigated the effect of dialectal difference on identification and rating of severity of speech impairment in children from Indigenous Australian backgrounds. The speech of 15 Indigenous Australian children identified by their parents/caregivers and teachers as having 'difficulty talking and making speech sounds' was assessed using the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Fourteen children were identified with speech impairment on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology using Standard Australian English (AusE) as the target pronunciation; whereas 13 were identified using Australian Aboriginal English (AAE) as the target. There was a statistically significant decrease in seven children's severity classification and a statistically significant increase in all children's percentage of consonants, vowels and phonemes correct when comparing AAE with AusE. Features of AAE used by the children included /h/ insertion and deletion, primary stress on the first syllable and diphthongs alternating with short clear vowels. It is important that speech-language pathologists consider children's dialect as one component of culturally and linguistically appropriate services.",
keywords = "Open access version available, Aboriginal English, Children, Dialect, Indigenous Australians, Speech impairment, Speech sound disorder",
author = "Bethany Toohill and Sharynne McLeod and Jane McCormack",
note = "Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = February, 2012; Journal title (773t) = Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics. ISSNs: 0269-9206;",
year = "2012",
month = "2",
doi = "10.3109/02699206.2011.595523",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "101--119",
journal = "Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics",
issn = "0269-9206",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare USA",
number = "2",

}

Effect of dialect on identification and severity of speech impairment in Indigenous Australian children. / Toohill, Bethany; McLeod, Sharynne; McCormack, Jane.

In: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, Vol. 26, No. 2, 02.2012, p. 101-119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of dialect on identification and severity of speech impairment in Indigenous Australian children

AU - Toohill, Bethany

AU - McLeod, Sharynne

AU - McCormack, Jane

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = February, 2012; Journal title (773t) = Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics. ISSNs: 0269-9206;

PY - 2012/2

Y1 - 2012/2

N2 - This study investigated the effect of dialectal difference on identification and rating of severity of speech impairment in children from Indigenous Australian backgrounds. The speech of 15 Indigenous Australian children identified by their parents/caregivers and teachers as having 'difficulty talking and making speech sounds' was assessed using the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Fourteen children were identified with speech impairment on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology using Standard Australian English (AusE) as the target pronunciation; whereas 13 were identified using Australian Aboriginal English (AAE) as the target. There was a statistically significant decrease in seven children's severity classification and a statistically significant increase in all children's percentage of consonants, vowels and phonemes correct when comparing AAE with AusE. Features of AAE used by the children included /h/ insertion and deletion, primary stress on the first syllable and diphthongs alternating with short clear vowels. It is important that speech-language pathologists consider children's dialect as one component of culturally and linguistically appropriate services.

AB - This study investigated the effect of dialectal difference on identification and rating of severity of speech impairment in children from Indigenous Australian backgrounds. The speech of 15 Indigenous Australian children identified by their parents/caregivers and teachers as having 'difficulty talking and making speech sounds' was assessed using the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Fourteen children were identified with speech impairment on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology using Standard Australian English (AusE) as the target pronunciation; whereas 13 were identified using Australian Aboriginal English (AAE) as the target. There was a statistically significant decrease in seven children's severity classification and a statistically significant increase in all children's percentage of consonants, vowels and phonemes correct when comparing AAE with AusE. Features of AAE used by the children included /h/ insertion and deletion, primary stress on the first syllable and diphthongs alternating with short clear vowels. It is important that speech-language pathologists consider children's dialect as one component of culturally and linguistically appropriate services.

KW - Open access version available

KW - Aboriginal English

KW - Children

KW - Dialect

KW - Indigenous Australians

KW - Speech impairment

KW - Speech sound disorder

U2 - 10.3109/02699206.2011.595523

DO - 10.3109/02699206.2011.595523

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 101

EP - 119

JO - Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics

JF - Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics

SN - 0269-9206

IS - 2

ER -