Effect of dry heat temperature and moist heat pressure on canola meal for ruminant utilisation. Part I. Nutritional, protein solubility and degradability characteristics.

Rebecca Heim, Gaye Krebs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of a range of barrel dry heat temperatures (20 to 180 oC), and moist heat pressure (MHP) (120 oC 15 min 192 kPa) on general nutritional, protein solubility, and in vitro protein degradability characteristics of canola meal were investigated. Increasing dry heat temperature was negatively correlated with meal crude protein (CP), soluble CP, neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent insoluble CP, and rapidly degradable (B1 Fraction) protein; and positively with NPN, intermediately degradable (B2 Fraction) protein, dry matter, lipid, carbohydrate, and in vitro rumen-undegradable protein. Relative to control meal, MHP increased in vitro rumen-undegradable protein, and in vitro CP digestibility; and decreased soluble protein, and 0.5% KOH solubility. Positive increases of
Fraction A and B2, as B1 decreased, suggest barrel temperature induces protein hydrolysis and conversion of rapidly to intermediately degraded protein, respectively. The changes observed may have a great effect on ruminal degradation and supply of protein and AA for ruminant utilisation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Agricultural Science
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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canola meal
protein solubility
ruminants
heat
temperature
proteins
crude protein
rumen
digestible protein
detergents
neutral detergent fiber
solubility
hydrolysis
carbohydrates
degradation

Cite this

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title = "Effect of dry heat temperature and moist heat pressure on canola meal for ruminant utilisation. Part I. Nutritional, protein solubility and degradability characteristics.",
abstract = "The effects of a range of barrel dry heat temperatures (20 to 180 oC), and moist heat pressure (MHP) (120 oC 15 min 192 kPa) on general nutritional, protein solubility, and in vitro protein degradability characteristics of canola meal were investigated. Increasing dry heat temperature was negatively correlated with meal crude protein (CP), soluble CP, neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent insoluble CP, and rapidly degradable (B1 Fraction) protein; and positively with NPN, intermediately degradable (B2 Fraction) protein, dry matter, lipid, carbohydrate, and in vitro rumen-undegradable protein. Relative to control meal, MHP increased in vitro rumen-undegradable protein, and in vitro CP digestibility; and decreased soluble protein, and 0.5{\%} KOH solubility. Positive increases ofFraction A and B2, as B1 decreased, suggest barrel temperature induces protein hydrolysis and conversion of rapidly to intermediately degraded protein, respectively. The changes observed may have a great effect on ruminal degradation and supply of protein and AA for ruminant utilisation.",
author = "Rebecca Heim and Gaye Krebs",
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journal = "Journal of Agricultural Science",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of dry heat temperature and moist heat pressure on canola meal for ruminant utilisation. Part I. Nutritional, protein solubility and degradability characteristics.

AU - Heim, Rebecca

AU - Krebs, Gaye

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The effects of a range of barrel dry heat temperatures (20 to 180 oC), and moist heat pressure (MHP) (120 oC 15 min 192 kPa) on general nutritional, protein solubility, and in vitro protein degradability characteristics of canola meal were investigated. Increasing dry heat temperature was negatively correlated with meal crude protein (CP), soluble CP, neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent insoluble CP, and rapidly degradable (B1 Fraction) protein; and positively with NPN, intermediately degradable (B2 Fraction) protein, dry matter, lipid, carbohydrate, and in vitro rumen-undegradable protein. Relative to control meal, MHP increased in vitro rumen-undegradable protein, and in vitro CP digestibility; and decreased soluble protein, and 0.5% KOH solubility. Positive increases ofFraction A and B2, as B1 decreased, suggest barrel temperature induces protein hydrolysis and conversion of rapidly to intermediately degraded protein, respectively. The changes observed may have a great effect on ruminal degradation and supply of protein and AA for ruminant utilisation.

AB - The effects of a range of barrel dry heat temperatures (20 to 180 oC), and moist heat pressure (MHP) (120 oC 15 min 192 kPa) on general nutritional, protein solubility, and in vitro protein degradability characteristics of canola meal were investigated. Increasing dry heat temperature was negatively correlated with meal crude protein (CP), soluble CP, neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent insoluble CP, and rapidly degradable (B1 Fraction) protein; and positively with NPN, intermediately degradable (B2 Fraction) protein, dry matter, lipid, carbohydrate, and in vitro rumen-undegradable protein. Relative to control meal, MHP increased in vitro rumen-undegradable protein, and in vitro CP digestibility; and decreased soluble protein, and 0.5% KOH solubility. Positive increases ofFraction A and B2, as B1 decreased, suggest barrel temperature induces protein hydrolysis and conversion of rapidly to intermediately degraded protein, respectively. The changes observed may have a great effect on ruminal degradation and supply of protein and AA for ruminant utilisation.

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DO - 10.5539/jas.v10n10p1

M3 - Article

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JO - Journal of Agricultural Science

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