Effect of F-isoprostane class on cow peripheral blood neutrophil microbicidal function in vitro

Eric J. Owczarzak, Angel Abuelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Isoprostanes (isoP) are formed during conditions of oxidative stress (OS) through the oxidation of cell membrane fatty acids. Different classes of isoP are formed depending on the fatty acid being oxidized but the biological activity of these molecules in innate immune cells is poorly understood. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare in vitro the effects of F2- and F3-isoP on neutrophil microbicidal functions. We isolated neutrophils from 6 dairy cows and incubated them for 8 h at various concentrations of F2- and F3-isoP. Then, microbicidal function was assessed in terms of phagocytosis, respiratory burst, myeloperoxidase activity, and extracellular trap formation. In vitro supplementation with F3-isoP enhanced microbicidal capabilities whereas supplementation with F2-isoP decreased or did not impact these microbe killing functions. Hence, favoring the production of F3- over F2-isoprostanes may be a strategy to augment neutrophils’ functional capacity during OS conditions. This should be tested in vivo.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105180
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume156
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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