Effect of grazing time and intensity on growth and yield of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A simulated grazing field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of timing and intensity of grazing on the growth and yield of a mid-late maturing spring wheat (cv. Flanker) under different watering regimes, at Wagga Wagga in southeastern Australia. The experiment was a factorial design of watering regime and pasture “grazing” as factors, with three replications. The two watering regimes were rain fed (R) and supplemental irrigation (I). There were four simulated grazing treatments: no grazing, “crash” grazing by mowing to 5 cm height on 13 June (Cut1-5), “crash” grazing by mowing to 5 cmon 15 July (Cut2-5) and “clip” grazing by mowing to 15 cm height on 15 July (Cut2-15). The lowest dry matter (simulated grazing) was obtained from RCut1-5 (0.13 t ha–1) and the highest (0.86 t ha–1) was from ICut2-5. There was no significant difference (P<0.05) among the grain yields of the grazing treatments in the respective watering regimes. However, there was significant difference (P<0.05) between the grain yields of the rain fed (3.60 t ha–1) and irrigated (6.0 t ha–1) treatments.Under both watering regimes, the highest grain yield was obtained from the late “clip” grazings: 3.79 t ha–1 (RCut2-15) for rain fed and 6.47 t ha–1 (ICut2-15) for irrigated treatments. The lowest grain yield for the rain fed treatment was 3.26 t ha–1(RCut1-5) and for the irrigated treatments, the lowest grain yield was 5.50 t ha–1 (ICut2-5). Harvest index (HI) was not significantly affected (P>0.05) by either the watering regime or grazing. Seed weight was significantly (P<0.05) affected both by the watering regime and grazing with the lowest value for 1 000-seed weight of 30.05 g (RCut2-5). and the highest value of 38.00 g (ICut2-15). Water use efficiency was significantly (P<0.05) affected both by the watering regime and grazing with the lowest value of 9.94 kg ha–1 mm–1 (ICut2-5) and the highest value 13.43 kg ha–1 mm–1 (RCut2-5). By “crash” grazing late(just before stem elongation stage) to a height of 5 cm, a significantly higher (P<0.05) above ground dry matter can be grazed without significantly affecting the yield both in seasons with low amount of rainfall and high amount of rainfall (irrigated in this study) although in a wet season a slightly lower (15% lower) grain yield is obtained relative to “clip grazing” to 15 cm height.Grazing of mid-late maturing wheat cultivars has the potential to fill the feed-gap without significantly affecting grain yield.
Original languageEnglish
Article number60345-7
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Integrative Agriculture
Volume18
Issue number5
Early online date25 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of grazing time and intensity on growth and yield of spring wheat (<i>Triticum aestivum </i>L<i>.</i>)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this