Effect of processing methods on the chipping resistance of veneered zirconia

Erick de Lima, Carina Baptiston Tanaka, Josete Barbosa Cruz Meira, Karina Felix Santos, Lidia Arashiro, Lisiane Cribari, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Paulo Francisco Cesar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the edge chipping resistance (ReA) and the fracture toughness (KC) of 3Y-TZP bilayers produced with the following materials/processing combinations: fluorapatite glass-ceramic applied on zirconia using the traditional layering and hot-pressing (press-on) techniques; feldspathic porcelain using rapid layer technology (RLT); and lithium disilicate glass-ceramic using CAD-on method. The influence of the cooling rate (slow and fast) was analyzed for layering and hot-pressing.
Methods: Bilayer bars (25x4x2 mm) were made following manufacturers' instructions. The edge chipping test was performed in an universal testing machine, using a coupled Vickers indenter. ReA was calculated dividing the critical load at fracture by the edge distance. Fracture toughness was calculated by a regression fit with a fixed slope of 1.5 correlating the critical chipping load regarding edge distance and also with indentation fracture (IF) method. Data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%).
Results: ReA and KC was significantly higher for the CAD-on bilayers. RLT showed intermediate ReA means, and layering and hot-pressing techniques showed the lowest ReA values. For both processing methods there was no effect of the cooling protocol on the ReA and fracture toughness.
Conclusions: There is a significant effect of the material/processing association on the edge chipping resistance and fracture toughness of the bilayers. There was no effect of the cooling protocol on the edge chipping resistance and fracture toughness for the specimens processed by both the layering and hot-pressing techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104995
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of The Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume126
Early online date24 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

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