Purpose: To investigate the effect of adrenomedullin on the cell numbers and apoptosis of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs).Methods: Mononuclear cells were isolated from peripheral blood by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. The cells were stimulated with adrenomedullin, before and after the treatment of adrenomedullin-receptor antagonist, adrenomedullin 22-52, or a PI3K inhibitor LY294002.Results: Adrenomedullin dose-dependently increased the number of EPCs (P<0.05). Adrenomedullin also significantly decreased apoptosis rate of EPCs in a concentration-dependent manner (P<0.05). In the isolated human mononuclear cells pretreated with adrenomedullin 22-52 or LY294002, adrenomedullin failed to increase the number of EPCs or to reduce the level of apoptosis.Conclusions: Adrenomedullin increases the number of EPCs and decreases their apoptosis. These actions are likely mediated by PI3K signaling pathways. The clinical significance of these favorable effects on EPCs remains to be determined.
|Journal||Clinical and Investigative Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
Kong, X., Wang, L., Yang, C-S., Chen, S-F., Xue, Y-Z., & Liu, Y-H. (2008). Effects of adrenomedullin on the cell numbers and apoptosis of endothelial progenitor cells. Clinical and Investigative Medicine, 31(3), E117-122.