Effects of adrenomedullin on the cell numbers and apoptosis of endothelial progenitor cells

Xiang-quan Kong, Lexin Wang, Chuan-Sheng Yang, Shuang-Feng Chen, Yu-Zeng Xue, Yi-Hua Liu

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the effect of adrenomedullin on the cell numbers and apoptosis of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs).Methods: Mononuclear cells were isolated from peripheral blood by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. The cells were stimulated with adrenomedullin, before and after the treatment of adrenomedullin-receptor antagonist, adrenomedullin 22-52, or a PI3K inhibitor LY294002.Results: Adrenomedullin dose-dependently increased the number of EPCs (P<0.05). Adrenomedullin also significantly decreased apoptosis rate of EPCs in a concentration-dependent manner (P<0.05). In the isolated human mononuclear cells pretreated with adrenomedullin 22-52 or LY294002, adrenomedullin failed to increase the number of EPCs or to reduce the level of apoptosis.Conclusions: Adrenomedullin increases the number of EPCs and decreases their apoptosis. These actions are likely mediated by PI3K signaling pathways. The clinical significance of these favorable effects on EPCs remains to be determined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E117-122
JournalClinical and Investigative Medicine
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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