With the aim of reducing phytic acid content of wheat bran, particle size reduction (from 1,200 to 90 ÃŽÂ¼m), hydrothermal (wet steeping in acetate buffer at pH 4.8 at 55 Ã‚°C for 60 min) and fermentation (using bakery yeast for 8 h at 30 Ã‚°C) and combination of these treatments with particle size reduction were applied and their effects on some properties of the bran were studied. Phytic acid content decreased from 50.1 to 21.6, 32.8 and 43.9 mg/g after particle size reduction, hydrothermal and fermentation, respectively. Particle size reduction along with these treatments further reduced phytic acid content up to 76.4 % and 57.3 %, respectively. Hydrothermal and fermentation decreased, while particle size reduction alone or in combination increased bran lightness. With reducing particle size, total, soluble and insoluble fiber content decreased from 69.7 to 32.1 %, 12.2 to 7.9 % and 57.4 to 24.3 %, respectively. The highest total (74.4 %) and soluble (21.4 %) and the lowest insoluble fiber (52.1 %) content were determined for the hydrothermaled bran. Particle size reduction decreased swelling power, water solubility and water holding capacity. Swelling power and water holding capacity of the hydrothermaled and fermented brans were lower, while water solubility was higher than the control. The amount of Fe+2, Zn+2 and Ca+2 decreased with reducing particle size. Fermentation had no effect on Fe+2and Zn+2 but slightly reduced Ca+2. The hydrothermal treatment slightly decreased these elements. Amongst all, hydrothermal treatment along with particle size reduction resulted in the lowest phytic acid and highest fiber content.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Food Science and Technology|
|Early online date||Aug 2012|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2014|
Majzoobi, M., Pashangeh, S., Farahnaky, A., Eskandari, M. H., & Jamalian, J. (2014). Effects of particle size reduction, hydrothermal and fermentation treatments on the phytic acid content and some physicochemical properties of wheat bran. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 51(10), 2755-2761.