Electrokinetic behaviour of conducting polymer modified stainless steel anodes during the enrichment phase in microbial fuel cells

Jayesh M. Sonawane, Prakash C. Ghosh, Samuel B. Adeloju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two of the major bottlenecks in achieving large-scale power generation with MFCs to date are the low power output and the usually long start-up time, both of which are mainly associated with poor bacterial kinetics and inefficient anode electrode materials. We have demonstrated in this study that the electron transfer kinetics of stainless steel (SS) can be significantly improved by modification with polyaniline (PANi) and polypyrrole (PPy). Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the kinetics of the bacterial growth can be significantly enhanced by the application of a carefully selected external resistance (Rext), resulting in significantly shorter start-up time. The half-cell reactors used for the investigations were enriched under different conditions including without Rext (Open circuit mode), with Rext = Rint (Ohmic region), and with very low Rext (mass transfer region). The MFC anodes enriched under Rext = Rint gave maximum exchange current density (j0max) on the 4th day of operation. The calculated j0max for SS wool, PANi-wool, and PPy-wool anodes were 0.3 ± 0.2 A m−2, 10.5 ± 0.4 A m−2 and 5.0 ± 0.4 A m−2, respectively. The lowest charge transfer resistance (Rct) of 0.23 Ω cm−2 was obtained with SS/PANi-wool anode which exhibited the highest electron transfer kinetics and better compatibility than SS/PPy-wool. The high current drawn from the system during the biofilm establishment phase did not support electroactive biofilm formation because it prevented the growing anode-respiring bacteria (ABR) from providing sufficient electron flow to the counter electrode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-105
Number of pages10
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume287
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2018

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Microbial fuel cells
Stainless Steel
Conducting polymers
Wool
Anodes
Stainless steel
Polypyrroles
Polyaniline
Kinetics
Biofilms
Electrons
Electrodes
Power generation
Charge transfer
Bacteria
Current density
Mass transfer
Networks (circuits)
polypyrrole
polyaniline

Cite this

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title = "Electrokinetic behaviour of conducting polymer modified stainless steel anodes during the enrichment phase in microbial fuel cells",
abstract = "Two of the major bottlenecks in achieving large-scale power generation with MFCs to date are the low power output and the usually long start-up time, both of which are mainly associated with poor bacterial kinetics and inefficient anode electrode materials. We have demonstrated in this study that the electron transfer kinetics of stainless steel (SS) can be significantly improved by modification with polyaniline (PANi) and polypyrrole (PPy). Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the kinetics of the bacterial growth can be significantly enhanced by the application of a carefully selected external resistance (Rext), resulting in significantly shorter start-up time. The half-cell reactors used for the investigations were enriched under different conditions including without Rext (Open circuit mode), with Rext = Rint (Ohmic region), and with very low Rext (mass transfer region). The MFC anodes enriched under Rext = Rint gave maximum exchange current density (j0max) on the 4th day of operation. The calculated j0max for SS wool, PANi-wool, and PPy-wool anodes were 0.3 ± 0.2 A m−2, 10.5 ± 0.4 A m−2 and 5.0 ± 0.4 A m−2, respectively. The lowest charge transfer resistance (Rct) of 0.23 Ω cm−2 was obtained with SS/PANi-wool anode which exhibited the highest electron transfer kinetics and better compatibility than SS/PPy-wool. The high current drawn from the system during the biofilm establishment phase did not support electroactive biofilm formation because it prevented the growing anode-respiring bacteria (ABR) from providing sufficient electron flow to the counter electrode.",
keywords = "Charge transfer resistance, Electron transfer kinetics, Exchange current density, Microbial fuel cells, Polyaniline, Polypyrrole",
author = "Sonawane, {Jayesh M.} and Ghosh, {Prakash C.} and Adeloju, {Samuel B.}",
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Electrokinetic behaviour of conducting polymer modified stainless steel anodes during the enrichment phase in microbial fuel cells. / Sonawane, Jayesh M.; Ghosh, Prakash C.; Adeloju, Samuel B.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 287, 10.10.2018, p. 96-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electrokinetic behaviour of conducting polymer modified stainless steel anodes during the enrichment phase in microbial fuel cells

AU - Sonawane, Jayesh M.

AU - Ghosh, Prakash C.

AU - Adeloju, Samuel B.

PY - 2018/10/10

Y1 - 2018/10/10

N2 - Two of the major bottlenecks in achieving large-scale power generation with MFCs to date are the low power output and the usually long start-up time, both of which are mainly associated with poor bacterial kinetics and inefficient anode electrode materials. We have demonstrated in this study that the electron transfer kinetics of stainless steel (SS) can be significantly improved by modification with polyaniline (PANi) and polypyrrole (PPy). Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the kinetics of the bacterial growth can be significantly enhanced by the application of a carefully selected external resistance (Rext), resulting in significantly shorter start-up time. The half-cell reactors used for the investigations were enriched under different conditions including without Rext (Open circuit mode), with Rext = Rint (Ohmic region), and with very low Rext (mass transfer region). The MFC anodes enriched under Rext = Rint gave maximum exchange current density (j0max) on the 4th day of operation. The calculated j0max for SS wool, PANi-wool, and PPy-wool anodes were 0.3 ± 0.2 A m−2, 10.5 ± 0.4 A m−2 and 5.0 ± 0.4 A m−2, respectively. The lowest charge transfer resistance (Rct) of 0.23 Ω cm−2 was obtained with SS/PANi-wool anode which exhibited the highest electron transfer kinetics and better compatibility than SS/PPy-wool. The high current drawn from the system during the biofilm establishment phase did not support electroactive biofilm formation because it prevented the growing anode-respiring bacteria (ABR) from providing sufficient electron flow to the counter electrode.

AB - Two of the major bottlenecks in achieving large-scale power generation with MFCs to date are the low power output and the usually long start-up time, both of which are mainly associated with poor bacterial kinetics and inefficient anode electrode materials. We have demonstrated in this study that the electron transfer kinetics of stainless steel (SS) can be significantly improved by modification with polyaniline (PANi) and polypyrrole (PPy). Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the kinetics of the bacterial growth can be significantly enhanced by the application of a carefully selected external resistance (Rext), resulting in significantly shorter start-up time. The half-cell reactors used for the investigations were enriched under different conditions including without Rext (Open circuit mode), with Rext = Rint (Ohmic region), and with very low Rext (mass transfer region). The MFC anodes enriched under Rext = Rint gave maximum exchange current density (j0max) on the 4th day of operation. The calculated j0max for SS wool, PANi-wool, and PPy-wool anodes were 0.3 ± 0.2 A m−2, 10.5 ± 0.4 A m−2 and 5.0 ± 0.4 A m−2, respectively. The lowest charge transfer resistance (Rct) of 0.23 Ω cm−2 was obtained with SS/PANi-wool anode which exhibited the highest electron transfer kinetics and better compatibility than SS/PPy-wool. The high current drawn from the system during the biofilm establishment phase did not support electroactive biofilm formation because it prevented the growing anode-respiring bacteria (ABR) from providing sufficient electron flow to the counter electrode.

KW - Charge transfer resistance

KW - Electron transfer kinetics

KW - Exchange current density

KW - Microbial fuel cells

KW - Polyaniline

KW - Polypyrrole

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DO - 10.1016/j.electacta.2018.07.077

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JO - Electrochimica Acta

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