Engaging the Human Motor System in Exploring and Understanding Dynamical Systems

Rohan McAdam

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

    17 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Understanding nonlinear dynamical systems can be difficult, yet humans have
    an innate capacity for understanding and controlling difficult dynamical systems
    in the context of physical movement. The central question explored in
    this thesis is whether human motor learning and control capabilities can be
    used as a means of studying dynamical systems in general. For example, is
    it possible to explore the behaviour of an economy, a population threatened
    with extinction, or even the climate using the same mechanisms that allow
    us to explore and master the dynamics of activities such as walking, juggling,
    skating, cycling, and driving?

    A technique referred to as Continuous Interactive Simulation is proposed
    that builds on existing techniques for interactive visualisation and computational
    steering of dynamical systems. Continuous Interactive Simulation differs
    from these approaches in both the nature and degree of interaction with a sys-tem. The emphasis is on active physical participation in the dynamics of a
    system rather than passive observation.

    This technique was applied to a series of case studies that required subjects
    with no technical knowledge in mathematics or the analysis of dynamical systems to attempt to solve problems concerning the properties and behaviour of nonlinear dynamical systems. These case studies focused on the discovery and refinement of dynamic behaviours and control strategies. The systems came
    from a range of domains and included a Lotka-Volterra predator prey system,
    an inverted pendulum, a dynamic IS-LM model from economics, and the Wonderland model of environmentally sustainable economic growth. These systems included continuous time, continuous time with delayed variables, and discrete time dynamical systems. Each case study included a mapping of a problem to a “movement-based interface” with an appropriate implementation and subsequent usability study. The results of these studies were used to identify key issues in the development of a general purpose framework for Continuous Interactive Simulation and to guide the development of preliminary guidelines for its general application.

    The overall results of this research demonstrate that human motor learning
    and control capabilities can indeed be used to help explore and understand
    the behaviour of dynamical systems in general. Through a process of physical
    interaction and skill development subjects were able to discover a repertoire of
    dynamic behaviours for the example systems. In the process they discovered
    features of the systems including various forms of equilibria and cycles as well
    as how to steer the system between those features. Subjects were also able to
    refine particular strategies for controlling the systems with respect to specified
    performance criteria.

    The approach that has emerged from this work provides a relatively assumption
    free way of exploring the behaviour of a wide variety of dynamical
    systems through physical interaction and skill development. The primary
    achievement of this research is to demonstrate the basic feasibility of this novel
    approach and its application to a variety of dynamical systems. Areas in which
    additional work is required to further the development and application of the
    approach are also identified.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    • Charles Sturt University
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Antolovich, Michael, Co-Supervisor
    • Nesbitt, Keith, Co-Supervisor
    Award date01 Mar 2015
    Place of PublicationAustralia
    Publisher
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint

    simulation
    mathematics
    walking
    visualization
    economic growth
    learning
    extinction
    predator
    climate
    economics
    economy
    participation
    analysis
    thesis

    Cite this

    McAdam, R. (2015). Engaging the Human Motor System in Exploring and Understanding Dynamical Systems. Australia: Charles Sturt University.
    McAdam, Rohan. / Engaging the Human Motor System in Exploring and Understanding Dynamical Systems. Australia : Charles Sturt University, 2015. 286 p.
    @phdthesis{31582b4076944843ac458eda034055a6,
    title = "Engaging the Human Motor System in Exploring and Understanding Dynamical Systems",
    abstract = "Understanding nonlinear dynamical systems can be difficult, yet humans havean innate capacity for understanding and controlling difficult dynamical systemsin the context of physical movement. The central question explored inthis thesis is whether human motor learning and control capabilities can beused as a means of studying dynamical systems in general. For example, isit possible to explore the behaviour of an economy, a population threatenedwith extinction, or even the climate using the same mechanisms that allowus to explore and master the dynamics of activities such as walking, juggling,skating, cycling, and driving?A technique referred to as Continuous Interactive Simulation is proposedthat builds on existing techniques for interactive visualisation and computationalsteering of dynamical systems. Continuous Interactive Simulation differsfrom these approaches in both the nature and degree of interaction with a sys-tem. The emphasis is on active physical participation in the dynamics of asystem rather than passive observation.This technique was applied to a series of case studies that required subjectswith no technical knowledge in mathematics or the analysis of dynamical systems to attempt to solve problems concerning the properties and behaviour of nonlinear dynamical systems. These case studies focused on the discovery and refinement of dynamic behaviours and control strategies. The systems camefrom a range of domains and included a Lotka-Volterra predator prey system,an inverted pendulum, a dynamic IS-LM model from economics, and the Wonderland model of environmentally sustainable economic growth. These systems included continuous time, continuous time with delayed variables, and discrete time dynamical systems. Each case study included a mapping of a problem to a “movement-based interface” with an appropriate implementation and subsequent usability study. The results of these studies were used to identify key issues in the development of a general purpose framework for Continuous Interactive Simulation and to guide the development of preliminary guidelines for its general application. The overall results of this research demonstrate that human motor learningand control capabilities can indeed be used to help explore and understandthe behaviour of dynamical systems in general. Through a process of physicalinteraction and skill development subjects were able to discover a repertoire ofdynamic behaviours for the example systems. In the process they discoveredfeatures of the systems including various forms of equilibria and cycles as wellas how to steer the system between those features. Subjects were also able torefine particular strategies for controlling the systems with respect to specifiedperformance criteria.The approach that has emerged from this work provides a relatively assumptionfree way of exploring the behaviour of a wide variety of dynamicalsystems through physical interaction and skill development. The primaryachievement of this research is to demonstrate the basic feasibility of this novelapproach and its application to a variety of dynamical systems. Areas in whichadditional work is required to further the development and application of theapproach are also identified.",
    author = "Rohan McAdam",
    year = "2015",
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    McAdam, R 2015, 'Engaging the Human Motor System in Exploring and Understanding Dynamical Systems', Doctor of Philosophy, Charles Sturt University, Australia.

    Engaging the Human Motor System in Exploring and Understanding Dynamical Systems. / McAdam, Rohan.

    Australia : Charles Sturt University, 2015. 286 p.

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

    TY - THES

    T1 - Engaging the Human Motor System in Exploring and Understanding Dynamical Systems

    AU - McAdam, Rohan

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - Understanding nonlinear dynamical systems can be difficult, yet humans havean innate capacity for understanding and controlling difficult dynamical systemsin the context of physical movement. The central question explored inthis thesis is whether human motor learning and control capabilities can beused as a means of studying dynamical systems in general. For example, isit possible to explore the behaviour of an economy, a population threatenedwith extinction, or even the climate using the same mechanisms that allowus to explore and master the dynamics of activities such as walking, juggling,skating, cycling, and driving?A technique referred to as Continuous Interactive Simulation is proposedthat builds on existing techniques for interactive visualisation and computationalsteering of dynamical systems. Continuous Interactive Simulation differsfrom these approaches in both the nature and degree of interaction with a sys-tem. The emphasis is on active physical participation in the dynamics of asystem rather than passive observation.This technique was applied to a series of case studies that required subjectswith no technical knowledge in mathematics or the analysis of dynamical systems to attempt to solve problems concerning the properties and behaviour of nonlinear dynamical systems. These case studies focused on the discovery and refinement of dynamic behaviours and control strategies. The systems camefrom a range of domains and included a Lotka-Volterra predator prey system,an inverted pendulum, a dynamic IS-LM model from economics, and the Wonderland model of environmentally sustainable economic growth. These systems included continuous time, continuous time with delayed variables, and discrete time dynamical systems. Each case study included a mapping of a problem to a “movement-based interface” with an appropriate implementation and subsequent usability study. The results of these studies were used to identify key issues in the development of a general purpose framework for Continuous Interactive Simulation and to guide the development of preliminary guidelines for its general application. The overall results of this research demonstrate that human motor learningand control capabilities can indeed be used to help explore and understandthe behaviour of dynamical systems in general. Through a process of physicalinteraction and skill development subjects were able to discover a repertoire ofdynamic behaviours for the example systems. In the process they discoveredfeatures of the systems including various forms of equilibria and cycles as wellas how to steer the system between those features. Subjects were also able torefine particular strategies for controlling the systems with respect to specifiedperformance criteria.The approach that has emerged from this work provides a relatively assumptionfree way of exploring the behaviour of a wide variety of dynamicalsystems through physical interaction and skill development. The primaryachievement of this research is to demonstrate the basic feasibility of this novelapproach and its application to a variety of dynamical systems. Areas in whichadditional work is required to further the development and application of theapproach are also identified.

    AB - Understanding nonlinear dynamical systems can be difficult, yet humans havean innate capacity for understanding and controlling difficult dynamical systemsin the context of physical movement. The central question explored inthis thesis is whether human motor learning and control capabilities can beused as a means of studying dynamical systems in general. For example, isit possible to explore the behaviour of an economy, a population threatenedwith extinction, or even the climate using the same mechanisms that allowus to explore and master the dynamics of activities such as walking, juggling,skating, cycling, and driving?A technique referred to as Continuous Interactive Simulation is proposedthat builds on existing techniques for interactive visualisation and computationalsteering of dynamical systems. Continuous Interactive Simulation differsfrom these approaches in both the nature and degree of interaction with a sys-tem. The emphasis is on active physical participation in the dynamics of asystem rather than passive observation.This technique was applied to a series of case studies that required subjectswith no technical knowledge in mathematics or the analysis of dynamical systems to attempt to solve problems concerning the properties and behaviour of nonlinear dynamical systems. These case studies focused on the discovery and refinement of dynamic behaviours and control strategies. The systems camefrom a range of domains and included a Lotka-Volterra predator prey system,an inverted pendulum, a dynamic IS-LM model from economics, and the Wonderland model of environmentally sustainable economic growth. These systems included continuous time, continuous time with delayed variables, and discrete time dynamical systems. Each case study included a mapping of a problem to a “movement-based interface” with an appropriate implementation and subsequent usability study. The results of these studies were used to identify key issues in the development of a general purpose framework for Continuous Interactive Simulation and to guide the development of preliminary guidelines for its general application. The overall results of this research demonstrate that human motor learningand control capabilities can indeed be used to help explore and understandthe behaviour of dynamical systems in general. Through a process of physicalinteraction and skill development subjects were able to discover a repertoire ofdynamic behaviours for the example systems. In the process they discoveredfeatures of the systems including various forms of equilibria and cycles as wellas how to steer the system between those features. Subjects were also able torefine particular strategies for controlling the systems with respect to specifiedperformance criteria.The approach that has emerged from this work provides a relatively assumptionfree way of exploring the behaviour of a wide variety of dynamicalsystems through physical interaction and skill development. The primaryachievement of this research is to demonstrate the basic feasibility of this novelapproach and its application to a variety of dynamical systems. Areas in whichadditional work is required to further the development and application of theapproach are also identified.

    M3 - Doctoral Thesis

    PB - Charles Sturt University

    CY - Australia

    ER -

    McAdam R. Engaging the Human Motor System in Exploring and Understanding Dynamical Systems. Australia: Charles Sturt University, 2015. 286 p.