In the emotionally sensitive but politically astute novel “Birds without Wings” by Louis de Bernières, a small village of diverse religious adherence is dismembered by events occurring in the “great world”. This simple insight, of the inauguration of hardened exclusive positions in individual pockets of previously benign coexistence caused by empire-wide upheavals, can be fruitfully applied to another location in south-west Anatolia: a sacred healing spring near ancient Colossae. The earliest text related to the site, the Miracle of the Archistrategos Michael of Chonai, is a popular Christian hagiography that appears to have passed through a number of revisions before the middle Byzantine literati, Sisinnius of Constantinople and Simeon Metaphrastes laid their high Byzantine register on it. The popular text retains the colouring not only of a ‘pagan’ forebear/foundation to the sacred site but also of a measure of peaceful co-existence in the early fourth century. The advent of Julian ‘the Apostate’ unleashed massive realignments of the relationship between Christianity and ‘paganism’ and even more in the aftermath of his premature death. The presenting language, reflected in the hagiography, is of the battle between Christianity and paganism that qualifies the surviving traces of mutual forebearance and introduces the tensions and conflicts laid at the feet of paganism’s violent assault on a Christianity. A careful probing of the story reveals a sub-text of an infra-ecclesial struggle, not only to preserve local expressions of faith over against a competitive neighbour, but to establish one’s credentials by whatever means lay at hand before a rapidly changing ecclesial and imperial audience, without the loss of local adherence. This study explores the complexities of local conflict inflamed by global strife.
|Title of host publication||Reconceiving religious conflict|
|Subtitle of host publication||New views from the formative centuries of Christianity|
|Editors||Wendy Mayer, Chris de Wet|
|Place of Publication||London, New York|
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Jan 2018|
Cadwallader, R. A. H. (2018). Epiphanies and religious conflict: The contests over the Hagiasma of Chonai. In W. Mayer, & C. de Wet (Eds.), Reconceiving religious conflict: New views from the formative centuries of Christianity (1st ed., pp. 110–135). Routledge.