The immunohistochemical detection of epithelial p53 protein expression in oral lichen planus (OLP) biopsies was supplemented with molecular analysis for mutations of the p53 gene using the polymerase chain reaction - single stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) technique. p53 protein expression, in the basal epithelial cell layer, as detected by the DO7 and 1801 antibodies, was significantly more frequent in OLP compared with other oral keratoses and normal mucosa, as was the growth fraction. The 10 OLP biopsies that had the most frequent p53 staining (plus a case of OLP found in continuity with a SCC) were screened by the PCR-SSCP technique, but no mutations were detected in the p53 gene (exons 5-9). The p53 overexpression in the OLP samples may be a physiological response to the hyper-proliferative state, as revealed by the growth fraction determination. This may usefully serve to protect against mutagenesis, and so be a factor in the low incidence of carcinoma associated with OLP.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal Of Oral Pathology and Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Aug 1998|