Estimates for cervical abnormalities in Vanuatu

Nina Fotinatos, Adrian Warmington, Todd Walker, Mark Pilbeam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To use the Pap smear to establish a recent prevalence of cervical abnormalities within a select population in Vanuatu, a developing country. Methods: Cervical smears (n=907) were collected from Ni-Vanuatu women from both urban and rural islands within Vanuatu between August 2001 and September 2005. Results: The prevalence of low-grade epithelial abnormalities for the total population was 2.9% and the prevalence of the high-grade epithelial abnormalities/cancer was 2.0%. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) in prevalence of high-grade epithelial abnormalities/cancer between the urban and rural populations sampled, with a higher prevalence in the urban population. Conclusions: The prevalence of pre-cancer and cancer in Vanuatu is high compared with Victorian (Australian) statistics yet comparable with other developing countries with no cervical screening programs available. Implications: This study will hopefully assist in future planning of women's health programs and relevant preventive strategies to combat cervical cancer in Vanuatu.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-575
Number of pages5
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007


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