Extensive research indicates that there are more boys than girls who are struggling readers, although considerable variation in gender ratios has beenreported as a result of a lack of consensus in defining and measuring poor reading. The purpose of this study was to establish stable and consistent genderratios for poor reading using a single definition and measure Australia-wide. The National Assessment ProgramÃ¢Â€Â'Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) is the firstlarge-scale assessment to assess all students across Australia on the same measure, at the same time. By defining poor reading as scoring in the lowest band, gender ratios computed for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 ranged from 1.44 to 1.68. Gender ratios decreased when a less stringent definition was applied. Gender ratios for poor performance in writing, spelling, punctuation and grammar, and numeracy are also reported.