A new class of parameter estimation algorithms is introduced for Gaussian process regression (GPR) models. It is shown that the integration of the GPR model with probability distance measures of (i) the integrated square error and (ii) Kullback'Leibler (K'L) divergence are analytically tractable. An efficient coordinate descent algorithm is proposed to iteratively estimate the kernel width using golden section search which includes a fast gradient descent algorithm as an inner loopto estimate the noise variance. Numerical examples are included to demonstrate the effectiveness of the new identification approaches.
Hong, X., Gao, J., Jiang, X., & Harris, C. J. (2014). Estimation of Gaussian process regression model using probability distance measures. Systems Science and Control Engineering, 2(1), 655-663. https://doi.org/10.1080/21642583.2014.970731