Evaluation of perennial forage legumes and herbs in six Mediterranean environments

Daniel Real, Guangdi Li, Steve Clark, Tony O. Albertson, Richard Hayes, Matt D. Denton, Mario F.D Antuono, Brian Dear

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There is an absence of drought tolerant herbaceous perennial forage legume and herb options other than lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) for environments with Mediterranean-like climates common in extensive areas of Southern Australia, the Mediterranean basin, and Chile. Therefore, a collection of 174 forage perennial legume and herb entries from 103 species and 32 genera was evaluated for adaptation in a diverse range of Mediterranean climatic environments in Southern Australia. The seasonal rainfall distribution varied from moderately to highly winter dominant with long term average annual rainfall ranging from 318 to 655 mm. The entries were rated for productivity and persistence over 3 yr. The 12 entries identified as the most promising for winter, summer, or all-year round production included Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. var. albomarginata; Cichorium intybus L.; Cullen australasicum (Schltdl.) J.W. Grimes; Dorycnium hirsutum (L.) Ser.; Kennedia prostrata R. Br.; Lotononis bainesii Baker, Lotus pedunculatus Cav.; L. corniculatus L.; L. cytisoides L.; Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L.; Medicago sativa subsp. caerulea (Less. ex Ledeb.) Schmalh., and M. sativa subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang. These entries maintained production and persisted for the period of the evaluation, with the exception of C. intybus and L. corniculatus that declined in persistence over time. The potential role of these species in extensive grazing systems in Mediterranean climatic zones, their attributes and limitations, and current progress in developing them as useful forage plants was discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-369
Number of pages13
JournalChilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Volume71
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

forage legumes
Mediterranean climate
Medicago sativa
herbs
Cichorium intybus
Lotononis bainesii
Kennedia
Bituminaria bituminosa
Dorycnium
Medicago sativa subsp. falcata
Lotus uliginosus
forage
rain
Lotus corniculatus
winter
Chile
alfalfa
legumes
drought
grazing

Cite this

Real, D., Li, G., Clark, S., Albertson, T. O., Hayes, R., Denton, M. D., ... Dear, B. (2011). Evaluation of perennial forage legumes and herbs in six Mediterranean environments. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 71(3), 357-369.
Real, Daniel ; Li, Guangdi ; Clark, Steve ; Albertson, Tony O. ; Hayes, Richard ; Denton, Matt D. ; Antuono, Mario F.D ; Dear, Brian. / Evaluation of perennial forage legumes and herbs in six Mediterranean environments. In: Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2011 ; Vol. 71, No. 3. pp. 357-369.
@article{970182bc5abe439a89b188a2aa7e68d4,
title = "Evaluation of perennial forage legumes and herbs in six Mediterranean environments",
abstract = "There is an absence of drought tolerant herbaceous perennial forage legume and herb options other than lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) for environments with Mediterranean-like climates common in extensive areas of Southern Australia, the Mediterranean basin, and Chile. Therefore, a collection of 174 forage perennial legume and herb entries from 103 species and 32 genera was evaluated for adaptation in a diverse range of Mediterranean climatic environments in Southern Australia. The seasonal rainfall distribution varied from moderately to highly winter dominant with long term average annual rainfall ranging from 318 to 655 mm. The entries were rated for productivity and persistence over 3 yr. The 12 entries identified as the most promising for winter, summer, or all-year round production included Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. var. albomarginata; Cichorium intybus L.; Cullen australasicum (Schltdl.) J.W. Grimes; Dorycnium hirsutum (L.) Ser.; Kennedia prostrata R. Br.; Lotononis bainesii Baker, Lotus pedunculatus Cav.; L. corniculatus L.; L. cytisoides L.; Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L.; Medicago sativa subsp. caerulea (Less. ex Ledeb.) Schmalh., and M. sativa subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang. These entries maintained production and persisted for the period of the evaluation, with the exception of C. intybus and L. corniculatus that declined in persistence over time. The potential role of these species in extensive grazing systems in Mediterranean climatic zones, their attributes and limitations, and current progress in developing them as useful forage plants was discussed.",
keywords = "Open access version available",
author = "Daniel Real and Guangdi Li and Steve Clark and Albertson, {Tony O.} and Richard Hayes and Denton, {Matt D.} and Antuono, {Mario F.D} and Brian Dear",
note = "Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = Jul-Sep, 2011; Journal title (773t) = Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. ISSNs: 0718-5820;",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "357--369",
journal = "Agricultura Tecnica",
issn = "0365-2807",
publisher = "Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA",
number = "3",

}

Real, D, Li, G, Clark, S, Albertson, TO, Hayes, R, Denton, MD, Antuono, MFD & Dear, B 2011, 'Evaluation of perennial forage legumes and herbs in six Mediterranean environments', Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 357-369.

Evaluation of perennial forage legumes and herbs in six Mediterranean environments. / Real, Daniel; Li, Guangdi; Clark, Steve; Albertson, Tony O.; Hayes, Richard; Denton, Matt D.; Antuono, Mario F.D; Dear, Brian.

In: Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 71, No. 3, 2011, p. 357-369.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of perennial forage legumes and herbs in six Mediterranean environments

AU - Real, Daniel

AU - Li, Guangdi

AU - Clark, Steve

AU - Albertson, Tony O.

AU - Hayes, Richard

AU - Denton, Matt D.

AU - Antuono, Mario F.D

AU - Dear, Brian

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = Jul-Sep, 2011; Journal title (773t) = Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. ISSNs: 0718-5820;

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - There is an absence of drought tolerant herbaceous perennial forage legume and herb options other than lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) for environments with Mediterranean-like climates common in extensive areas of Southern Australia, the Mediterranean basin, and Chile. Therefore, a collection of 174 forage perennial legume and herb entries from 103 species and 32 genera was evaluated for adaptation in a diverse range of Mediterranean climatic environments in Southern Australia. The seasonal rainfall distribution varied from moderately to highly winter dominant with long term average annual rainfall ranging from 318 to 655 mm. The entries were rated for productivity and persistence over 3 yr. The 12 entries identified as the most promising for winter, summer, or all-year round production included Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. var. albomarginata; Cichorium intybus L.; Cullen australasicum (Schltdl.) J.W. Grimes; Dorycnium hirsutum (L.) Ser.; Kennedia prostrata R. Br.; Lotononis bainesii Baker, Lotus pedunculatus Cav.; L. corniculatus L.; L. cytisoides L.; Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L.; Medicago sativa subsp. caerulea (Less. ex Ledeb.) Schmalh., and M. sativa subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang. These entries maintained production and persisted for the period of the evaluation, with the exception of C. intybus and L. corniculatus that declined in persistence over time. The potential role of these species in extensive grazing systems in Mediterranean climatic zones, their attributes and limitations, and current progress in developing them as useful forage plants was discussed.

AB - There is an absence of drought tolerant herbaceous perennial forage legume and herb options other than lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) for environments with Mediterranean-like climates common in extensive areas of Southern Australia, the Mediterranean basin, and Chile. Therefore, a collection of 174 forage perennial legume and herb entries from 103 species and 32 genera was evaluated for adaptation in a diverse range of Mediterranean climatic environments in Southern Australia. The seasonal rainfall distribution varied from moderately to highly winter dominant with long term average annual rainfall ranging from 318 to 655 mm. The entries were rated for productivity and persistence over 3 yr. The 12 entries identified as the most promising for winter, summer, or all-year round production included Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. var. albomarginata; Cichorium intybus L.; Cullen australasicum (Schltdl.) J.W. Grimes; Dorycnium hirsutum (L.) Ser.; Kennedia prostrata R. Br.; Lotononis bainesii Baker, Lotus pedunculatus Cav.; L. corniculatus L.; L. cytisoides L.; Medicago sativa subsp. sativa L.; Medicago sativa subsp. caerulea (Less. ex Ledeb.) Schmalh., and M. sativa subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang. These entries maintained production and persisted for the period of the evaluation, with the exception of C. intybus and L. corniculatus that declined in persistence over time. The potential role of these species in extensive grazing systems in Mediterranean climatic zones, their attributes and limitations, and current progress in developing them as useful forage plants was discussed.

KW - Open access version available

M3 - Article

VL - 71

SP - 357

EP - 369

JO - Agricultura Tecnica

JF - Agricultura Tecnica

SN - 0365-2807

IS - 3

ER -