Evaluation of the effectiveness of an ointment based on Alkannins/Shikonins on second intention wound healing in the dog

Maria Karayannopoulou, Vassiliki Tsioli, Panayiotis Loukopoulos, Tilemahos L. Anagnostou, Nikolaos Giannakas, Ioannis Savvas, Lysimachos Papazoglou, Eleni Kaldrymidou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The enantiomeric naphthoquinones alkannins and shikonins (A/S) have been established as potent wound healing agents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an A/S based ointment for humans on second intention wound healing in the dog, as compared to wound flushing with Lactated Ringer's solution (LRS). Ten mixed breed dogs, aged 2 to 5 y, were used. One 2.5 × 2.5 cm full-thickness skin defect was created on the lateral aspect of each arm for subjective evaluation, laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF), and planimetry. Additionally, 3 matching 2 × 2 cm wounds were created on opposite sides of the dorsal midline for histologic evaluation. Wounds were treated once daily with the A/S based ointment on the right side and by flushing with LRS on the left until healed (about 20 d). During the healing process, tissue perfusion (mean LDF value) was found to be significantly higher on the side treated with the A/S based ointment compared with the LRS-treated side. Histologically, angiogenesis (on days 4 and 11), collagen production score (on days 4, 11, and 20), and epithelial thickness score (on day 11) were significantly higher in the wounds treated with the A/S based ointment. Wound size, as evaluated by planimetry, decreased significantly from day 0 to day 20 on both sides, but no significant differences were found between the A/S based ointment and LRS-treated wounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume75
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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