Evaluation of the effects of mulch on optimum sowing date and irrigation management of zero till wheat in central Punjab, India using APSIM

Balwinder Singh, E Humphreys, Don S Gaydon, Philip Eberbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Machinery for sowing wheat directly into rice residues has become more common in the rice-wheat systems of the north-west Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia, with increasing numbers of farmers now potentially able to access the benefits of residue retention. However, surface residue retention affects soil water and temperature dynamics, thus the optimum sowing date and irrigation management for a mulched crop may vary from those of a traditional non-mulched crop. Furthermore, the effects of sowing date and irrigation management are likely to vary with soil type and seasonal conditions. Therefore, a simulation study was conducted using the APSIM model and 40 years of weather data to evaluate the effects of mulch, sowing date and irrigation management and their interactions on wheat grain yield, irrigation requirement (I) and water productivity with respect to irrigation (WPI) and evapotranspiration (WPET).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-96
Number of pages14
JournalField Crops Research
Volume197
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

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